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2022, br. 47, str. 49-64
Ekonomski izazovi preduzetnika u Republici Srbiji koji posluju u najperspektivnijim privrednim delatnostima
Ključne reči: preduzetici; privredna delatnost; racio analiza; PROMETHEE metod; entropijski metod
Sažetak
Velika stopa nezaposlenosti, nizak nivo privredne aktivnosti i nizak životni standarad neki su od najvećih problema sa kojima se susreće Republika Srbija u poslednjih nekoliko godina. Razvoj malih i srednjih preduzeća i preduzetnika kao veliki potencijal kojim bi se donekle rešili ovi problemi još uvek nije dovoljno iskorišćen. Imajući u vidu značaj razvoja ovog segmenta privrede, u ovom radu je analizirano poslovanje preduzetnika prema sektorima delatnosti u 2018. godini u Republici Srbiji, kako bi se odredile privredne delatnosti koje imaju najveću perspektivu za razvoj preduzetništva u budućem periodu. Kao polazna osnova za komparativnu analizu korišćena je racio analiza poslovanja. Ona je sprovedena na bazi podataka iz "Godišnjeg biltena finansijskih izveštaja" koji objavljuje Agencija za privredne registre za deset privrednih delatnosti gde su preduzetnici ostvarili najveću profitabilnost. Primenom entropijske i PROMETHEE metode izvršeno je rangiranje preduzetnika prema sektorima delatnosti. Dobijeni rezultati ukazali su na to da su u 2018. godini najbolje rangirani preduzetnici u sektoru Stručne, naučne, inovacione i tehničke delatnosti, a najlošije rangirani preduzetnici koji posluju u sektoru Usluge smeštaja i i ishrane.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/AnEkSub2247049F
primljen: 16.08.2021.
prihvaćen: 07.03.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.06.2022.
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