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2015, vol. 62, br. 2, str. 177-191
On the origin of European imbalances in the context of European integration
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Department of Applied Economics V, University of the Basque Country, Spain

e-adresacarlosalberto.carrasco@ehu.eus, patricia.peinado@ehu.eus
Ključne reči: current account; European imbalances; European integration; competitiveness; catching-up
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
We study the origin of European imbalances in the context of European integration. As a whole, the European Union and Eurozone have had nearly balanced external accounts. However, member countries have presented divergent positions. We analyze the short-term and medium-term factors underlying the presence of European external imbalances. Our results reveal the existence of divergent trends in key macroeconomic variables within the Eurozone. Moreover, the current account (CA) responds in the short-term to real unit labour cost (ULC) and discretionary fiscal policy. However, we point out the possible existence of a structural component of the CA. When assessing the medium-term determinants of the CA imbalances, catching-up, old-age dependency ratio and country-level specialization (non-price competitiveness) are relevant variables explaining those imbalances.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PAN1502177C
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.07.2015.