Actions

Panoeconomicus
how to cite this article
share this article

Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:4
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:1

Contents

article: 2 from 4  
Back back to result list
2019, vol. 66, iss. 4, pp. 385-410
Trends in Mediterranean inequalities 1950-2015
University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Italy

emailv.daniele@unicz.it, malanima@unicz.it
Keywords: inequality; human development; political regimes; Mediterranean economies
Abstract
This article is aimed at analysing the trends of economic, social and institutional inequality among the Mediterranean countries in the period 1950-2015. After the examination of the inequalities in GDP per capita among and within nations, we present a Human Development Index (HDI) that includes a measure of democratic achievements. Main result is that inequalities in income, after the rise from the 1950s on wards, declined from the start of the twenty-first century. Inequalities in HDI, instead, constantly diminished in the period under examination, while a process of democratization occurred. On the whole, despite the convergence among Mediterranean countries, economic inequalities are much deeper than those in social indicators.
References
Acemoglu, D., Naidu, S., Restrepo, P., Robinson, J.A. (2014) Democracy does cause growth. in: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 20004
Alkire, S., James, F. (2010) Designing the inequality-adjusted human development index (HDI). in: Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative Working Paper 37
Amendola, A. (2011) Bridging the gap: Free trade and integration processes in the Mediterranean region. in: Amendola Adalgiso, Ferragina Anna Maria [ed.] Bridging the Gap: The Role of Trade and FDI in the Mediterranean, Rubettino: Soveria Mannelli, 103-123
Amendola, A., Dell'anno, R. (2014) Income inequality and economic growth: An empirical investigation in Mediterranean countries. Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica, 68(2), 35-58
Anand, S., Segal, P. (2008) What do we know about global income inequality?. Journal of Economic Literature, 46(1), 57-94
Ansani, A., Daniele, V. (2014) Le economie del Mediterraneo: Lo sviluppo economico e le disuguaglianze. in: Amendola Adalgiso, Ferragina Eugenia [ed.] Economia e Istituzioni dei Paesi del Mediterraneo, Bologna: Il Mulino, 35-80
Ansani, A., Daniele, V. (2012) About a revolution: The economic motivations of the arab spring. International Journal of Development and Conflict, 2(3)
Antonio, C.J., Vreeland, J.R. (2011) Economic development and democratization. in: Brown Nathan J. [ed.] The Dynamics of Democratization: Dictatorship, Development, and Diffusion, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 145-182
Arestis, P., Gonzalez-Martinez, A. (2016) Income inequality: Implications and relevant economic policies. Panoeconomicus, vol. 63, br. 1, str. 1-24
Arestis, P., Baltar, T.C. (2017) Income distribution and economic growth: A critical approach. Panoeconomicus, vol. 64, br. 2, str. 125-138
Atkinson, A.B. (2015) Inequality: What can be done?. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Atkinson, A.B. (1970) On the measurement of inequality. Journal of Economic Theory, 2(3): 244-263
Atkinson, A.B., Brandolini, A. (2001) Promise and pitfalls in the use of 'secondary' data-sets: Income inequality in OECD countries as a case study. Journal of Economic Literature, 39(3), 771-799
Atkinson, A.B., Piketty, T., Saez, E. (2011) Top incomes in the long run of history. Journal of Economic Literature, 49(1), 3-71
Barro, R.J., Lee, J.W. (2013) A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950-2010. Journal of Development Economics, 104(C), 184-198
Barro, R.J., Sala-I-martin, X. (1992) Convergence. Journal of Political Economy, 100(2), 223-251
Barro, R.J. (1996) Democracy and growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 1(1), 1-27
Bartoletto, S., Malanima, P. (2014) L'energia nei Paesi del Mediterraneo 1950-2010. in: Amendola Adalgiso, Ferragina Eugenia [ed.] Economia e Istituzioni dei Paesi del Mediterraneo, Bologna: Il Mulino, 303-330
Berry, A., Serieux, J. (2006) Riding the elephants: The evolution of world economic growth and income distribution at the end of the twentieth century (1980-2000). in: Department of Economic and Social Affairs Working Paper 27
Bourguignon, F., Morrisson, C. (2002) Inequality among world citizens: 1820-1992. American Economic Review, 92(4), 727-744
Braudel, F. (1979) Civilisation matérielle, économie et capitalisme, III: Le temps du monde. Paris: Armand Colin
Capasso, S., Astarita, C. (2011) La distribuzione dei redditi: La disuguaglianza nei paesi del Mediterraneo. in: Paolo Malanima [ed.] Rapporto sulle Economie del Mediterraneo 2011, Bologna: Il Mulino, 69-95
Caruana, G.P. (2015) Mediterranean labor markets in the first age of globalization: An economic history of real wages and market integration. New York: Palgrave McMillan
Clark, R. (2011) World income inequality in the global era: New estimates, 1990-2008. Social Problems, 58(4), 565-592
Corm, G. (2011) Economic evolution in the Mediterranean countries in a changing world. in: Mediterranean Yearbook 2011, Barcelona: European Institute of the Mediterranean, 127-132
Costa-Font, J. (2012) Europe and the Mediterranean economy. New York: Routledge
Cowell, F.A. (2009) Measuring inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Era, D., Kalpana, K., Nujin, S., Frantisek, R., Evridiki, T. (2015) Causes and consequences of income inequality: A global perspective. in: International Monetary Fund Staff Discussion Note SDN/15/13
Gerring, J., Thacker, S.C., Rodrigo, A. (2012) Democracy and human development. Journal of Politics, 74(1), 1-17
Heshmati, A. (2006) The world distribution of income and income inequality: A review of the economics literature. Journal of World-Systems Research, 12(1), 61-107
Inglehart, R., Welzel, C. (2005) Modernization, cultural change, and democracy: The human development sequence. New York: Cambridge University Press
International Monetary Fund (2014) Fiscal policy and income inequality. http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2014/012314.pdf
Josifidis, K., Supić, N., Beker-Pucar, E. (2017) Institutional quality and income inequality in the advanced countries. Panoeconomicus, vol. 64, br. 2, str. 169-188
Korzeniewicz, R.P., Moran, T.P. (2007) World inequality in the twenty-first century: Patterns and tendencies. in: Ritzer George [ed.] The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 565-592
Kuznets, S. (1963) Quantitative aspects of the economic growth of nations: VIII Distribution of income by size. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 11(2), 1-80
Kuznets, S. (1955) Economic growth and income inequality. American Economic Review, 45(1), 1-28
Lake, D.A., Baum, M.A. (2001) The invisible hand of democracy: Political control and the provision of public services. Comparative Political Studies, 34(6), 587-621
Li, S., Xu, Z. (2008) The trend of regional income disparity in the people's Republic of China. in: Asian Development Bank Institute Discussion Paper 85
Liberati, P. (2015) The world distribution of income and its inequality, 1970-2009. Review of Income and Wealth, 61(2), 248-273
Lipset, S.M. (1959) Some social requisites of democracy: Economic development and political legitimacy. American Political Science Review, 53(1), 69-105
Marshall, M.G., Robert, G.T., Jaggers, K. (2017) Polity TM IV project. in: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2016: Dataset Users' Manual, Vienna: Center for Systemic Peace
Milanovic, B. (2006) Global income inequality: A review. World Economics, 7(1), 131-157
Milanović, B. (2012) Global inequality recalculated and updated: the effect of new PPP estimates on global inequality and 2005 estimates. Journal of Economic Inequality, 10(1), 1-18
Milanović, B. (2016) Introducing Kuznets waves: How income inequality waxes and wanes over the very long run. Vox Centre for Economic Policy Research Policy Portal, February 26, http://voxeu.org/article/introducing-kuznets-waves-income-inequality
Milanović, B. (2016) Global inequality: A new approach for the age of globalization. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Milanović, B. (2011) The haves and the have-nots: A brief and idiosyncratic history of global inequality. New York: Basic Books
Milanović, B. (2013) Global income inequality in numbers: In history and now. Global Policy, 4(2), 198-208
Milanović, B. (2005) Worlds apart: Measuring international and global inequality. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Morrisson, C., Murtin, F. (2011) Inégalité interne des revenus et inégalité mondiale. in: Fondation pour les Études et Recherches sur le Développement International Document de Travail P26
Ortiz, I., Cummins, M. (2011) Global inequality: Beyond the bottom billion: A rapid review of income distribution in 141 countries. http://www.unicef.org/socialpolicy/files/Global_Inequality_REVISED_-_5_July.pdf
Papaioannou, E., Siourounis, G. (2008) Democratisation and growth. Economic Journal, 118(532), 1520-1551
Piketty, T. (2014) Capital in the twenty-first century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Ribas-Mateos, N. (2017) The Mediterranean in the age of globalization: Migration, welfare, and borders. New York: Routledge
Robbins, M. (2015) After the Arab spring: People still want democracy. Journal of Democracy, 26(4), 80-89
Robinson, J.A. (2006) Economic development and democracy. Annual Review of Political Science, 9(1), 503-527
Ross, M. (2006) Is democracy good for the poor?. American Journal of Political Science, 50(4), 860-874
Sala-I-martin, X. (2006) The world distribution of income: Falling poverty and ... convergence, period. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(2), 351-397
Schultz, P.T. (1998) Inequality in the distribution of personal income in the world: How it is changing and why. Journal of Population Economics, 11(3), 307-344
Sen, A. (1999) Development as freedom. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
Stanton, E.A. (2007) The human development Index: A history. in: Political Economy Research Institute Working Paper 127
Stiglitz, J. (2012) The price of inequality: How today's divided society endangers our future. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc
Toniolo, G., Walker, P. (2000) UN Mondo Sempre Più Diseguale?. Rivista di Storia Economica, 16(2), 241-246
United Nations Development Programme (2002) Human development report 2002: Deepening democracy in a fragmented world. New York: Oxford University Press
United Nations Development Programme (2013) Human development report 2013: The rise of the south human progress in a diverse world -technical notes. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2013_en_technotes.pdf
United Nations Development Programme (2015) Human development report 2015: Work for human development. New York: United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme (2016) Human development report 2016: Human development for everyone. New York: United Nations Development Programme
Vittorio, D., Malanima, P. (2013) Le economie del Mediterraneo fra convergenza e divergenza 1950-2011. in: Malanima Paolo [ed.] Rapporto sulle Economie del Mediterraneo, Bologna: Il Mulino, 13-32
Wejnert, B. (2014) Diffusion of democracy: The past and future of global democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press
Williamson, J.G. (1965) Regional inequality and the process of national development: A description of the patterns. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 13(4), 1-84
Williamson, J.G. (1991) Inequality, poverty, and history: Kuznets memorial lectures of the economic growth centre. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishing
World Bank (2013) World development indicators 2013. Washington
World Bank (2015) World development indicators 2015. Washington
World Bank (2017) The toll of war: The economic and social consequences of the conflict in Syria. Washington
 

About

article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/PAN160923012D
published in SCIndeks: 03/06/2020
Creative Commons License 4.0