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2018, vol. 11, br. 1, str. 27-42
Analiza efikasnosti procesa remedijacije zemljišta deponijskog lokaliteta kontaminiranog procednim vodama primenom analize tokova materijala
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet tehničkih nauka

e-adresaantickatarinaa@gmail.com
Projekat:
Unapređenje i razvoj higijenskih i tehnoloških postupaka u proizvodnji namirnica životinjskog porekla u cilju dobijanja kvalitetnih i bezbednih proizvoda konkurentnih na svetskom tržištu (MPNTR - 46009)
Karakterizacija kinetike i uticaja visoko hazardnih (emerging) polutanata otpadnih tokova grafičke industrije (MPNTR - 34014)

Ključne reči: SFA; Remedijacione tehnologije; Kontaminacija zemljišta deponijskog; lokaliteta; Komunalne deponije čvrstog otpada; Procedne vode; Kadmijum
Sažetak
Kod nesanitarnih komunalnih deponija čvrstog otpada, usled nezadovoljavanja zahteva u pogledu vodonepropusnosti i debljine geološke barijere i odsustva implementacije i primene sistema za upravljanje otpadom i procednim vodama, kao i u zavisnosti od vrste i minerološkog sastava geološke barijere, moguća su dva slučaja. Pri prvom slučaju, u okviru sastava geološke barijere dominira nepropusna glina, kaolinit, te krajnji ishod predstavlja izlivanje procednih voda u zapreminu deponovanog otpada, kao i izbijanje istih na površinu deponijskog lokaliteta. Pri drugom slučaju, propusne gline, smektiti, preovlađuju u okviru sastava geološke barijere, te je dominantna infiltracija procednih voda u podzemni tok. U skladu sa prvim slučajem, primenom softvera STAN realizovana je analiza tokova supstanci (SFA), primarno kadmijuma, u okviru tri scenarija. Efikasnost remedijacije zemljišta deponijskog lokaliteta kontaminiranog procednim vodama, sa aspekta redukcije teških metala, sa akcentom na kadmijum, primenom in-situ i ex-situ sistema, predstavljena je u okviru Scenarija 1 i Scenarija 2. Mogućnost i efikasnost direktnog tretmana procednih voda u postrojenju za tretman istih, u slučaju implementacije i primene sistema za upravljanje procednim vodama, predstavljena je u okviru Scenarija 3. Efikasnost redukcije toka kadmijuma ostvarena u okviru Scenarija 1 iznosi 99.04 %, u okviru Scenarija 2 iznosi 55 %, dok u okviru Scenarija 3 iznosi 99.2 %, respektivno. Prevencija kontaminacije deponijskog lokaliteta procednim vodama primenom sistema za upravljanje istim predstavlja optimalnu opciju i poželjnu praksu, dok u slučaju već postojeće kontaminacije deponijskog lokaliteta i neposredne okoline, primenom in-situ sistema remedijacije zemljišta deponijskog lokaliteta, na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, ostvaruje se visoka efikasnost, nasuprot primeni ex-situ sistema.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: istraživanja
DOI: 10.5937/ror1801027A
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 03.01.2019.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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