Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: [1]
  • citations in CrossRef:[1]
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:8
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:4

Contents

article: 2 from 2  
Back back to result list
2011, vol. 48, iss. 2, pp. 341-346
Onion yield and yield contributing characters as affected by organic fertilizers
Institute for Vegetable Crops, Smederevska Palanka

emailmilkabrdar@yahoo.com
Project:
Integrating biotechnology approach in breeding vegetable crops for sustainable agricultural systems (MESTD - 31059)

Abstract
Two-year field study was performed with the aim to investigate the effect of organic fertilizers (fully decomposed farmyard manure and bacterial fertilizer) on yield, bulb weight and number of bulbs per plot in five onion cultivars. The applied bacterial fertilizer included Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus suptilis, Azotobacter chrocoocum, Azotobacter vinelandi and Derxia sp. NPK fertilized and unfertilized plots were included in the trial as controls. Yields from unfertilized, plots treated with manure and bacterial fertilizer were 24.3%, 25.3% and 48.8% of yield measured for NPK control (100.0%), respectively. Since farmyard manure did not provide significant increase in yield, bulb weight and number of bulbs per plot in comparison to unfertilized control, its application is not recommended for onion. Bacterial fertilizer may be used for organically grown onion. However, significant differences in yield and bulb weight that have been found among the cultivars imply the importance of genotypes screening. Cultivar Zlatno gnezdo responded well to bacterial amendment and it could be recommended to organic producers and exploited in breeding programs.
References
*** (2009) Organska poljoprivreda, osnovni principi, potencijali i mogućnosti u Srbiji. Beograd: Privredna komora Srbije
Berenji, J. (2009) Uloga sorte i sortnog semena u organskoj poljoprivredi. Zbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 46, br. 1, str. 11-16
Čabilovski, R., Manojlović, M., Bogdanović, D. (2010) Uticaj đubrenja na prinos i sadržaj nitrata u salati u organskoj proizvodnji. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 251-256
Čuvardić, M. (2006) Primena đubriva u organskoj poljoprivredi. Zbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 42, br. 2, str. 369-376
Griffiths, G., Trueman, L., Crowther, T., Thomas, B., Smith, B. (2002) Onions: A global benefit to health. Phytotherapy Research, 16(7): 603-615
Ilić, Z., Šunić, L., Milenković, L., Gvozdanović-Varga, J. (2006) Uticaj vremena setve na prinos i kvalitet semena crnog luka (Allium cepa L.) u proizvodnji sistemom 'seme-seme'. Selekcija i semenarstvo, vol. 12, br. 3-4, str. 65-72
Kumar, S., Imtiyaz, M., Kumar, A. (2007) Effect of differential soil moisture and nutrient regimes on postharvest attributes of onion (Allium cepa L). Sci Hortic, 112, str. 121-129
Lazić, B., Malešević, M. (2004) Osnovni principi organske poljoprivrede. Zbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, br. 40, str. 439-445
Lee, J. (2010) Effect on application methods of organic fertilizer on growth, soil chemical properties and microbial densities in organic bulb onion production. Sci Hortic, 124, str. 299-305
Milenković, L., Ilić, Z., Đurovka, M. (2008) Uticaj vremena i načina proizvodnje na mogućnost kontinuiranog prispeća crnog luka - Kupusinski jabučar. Journal of Scientific Agricultural Research, vol. 69, br. 2, str. 97-104
Milovanović, M., Staletić, M., Perišić, V., Nikolić, O. (2009) Mogućnosti za proizvodnju organskog semena strnih žita u Srbiji. Savremena poljoprivreda, vol. 58, br. 1-2, str. 141-151
Mirzaei, R., Liaghati, H., Damghani, M.A. (2007) Evaluating Yield Quality and Quantity of Garlic as Affected by Different Farming Systems and Garlic Clones. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10(13): 2219-2224
Osman, A.M., Almekinders, C.J.M., Struik, P.C., van Bueren, L.E.T. (2008) Can conventional breeding programmes provide onion varieties that are suitable for organic farming in the Netherlands?. Euphytica, 163(3): 511-522
Pavlović, N., Zečević, B., Zdravković, M., Ivanović, M., Damjanović, M. (2003) Varijabilnost i koeficijent heritabilnosti prosečnog prinosa lukovica crnog luka - Alium сeрa L. Genetika, vol. 35, br. 3, str. 149-154
Pejić, B., Gvozdanović-Varga, J., Vasić, M., Maksimović, L., Milić, S. (2008) Prinos i evapotranspiracija crnog luka u uslovima različite predzalivne vlažnosti zemljišta. Zbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 45, br. 2, str. 195-202
Republički zavod za statistiku (2010) Statistički godišnjak Srbije. Beograd: Republički zavod za statistiku
Shaheen, A.M., Abdel-Mouty, M.M., Ali, A.H., Rizk, F.A. (2007) Natural and chemical phosphorus fertilizers as affected onion plant growth, bulbs yield and its some physical and chemical properties. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci, 1, str. 519-524
Šunić, L., Ilić, Z., Filipović, R. (2008) Uticaj vremena sadnje izvodnica na prinos i kvalitet semena crnog luka (Allium cepa L.). Journal of Scientific Agricultural Research, vol. 69, br. 2, str. 53-62
van Bueren, L.E.T., van Soest, L.J.M., de Groot, E.C., Boukema, I.W., Osman, A.M. (2005) Broadening the genetic base of onion to develop better-adapted varieties for organic farming systems. Euphytica, 146, str. 125-132
van Bueren, L.E.T., Backes, G., de Vriend, H., Østergård, H. (2010) The role of molecular markers and marker assisted selection in breeding for organic agriculture. Euphytica, 175(1): 51-64
Vidigal, S.M., Sediyama, M.A.N., Pedrosa, M.W., dos Santos, M.R. (2010) Produtividade de cebola em cultivo orgânico utilizando composto à base de dejetos de suínos. Horticultura Brasileira, 28(2): 168-173
Vlahović, B., Puškarić, A., Červenski, J. (2010) Obeležja proizvodnje povrća u Republici Srbiji. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 47, br. 2, str. 461-466
Wu, X., Stahl, T., Hu, Y., Kassie, F., Mersch-Sundermann, V. (2006) The production of reactive oxygen species and the mitochondrial membrane potential are modulated during onion oil-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A549 cells. J. Nutr, 136, str. 608-613
 

About

article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov1102341B
published in SCIndeks: 16/08/2011