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2020, vol. 48, br. 6, str. 619-635
Lovni usevi - principi i mogućnosti primene u zasadima korenastog povrća
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Departman za zaštitu bilja i životne sredine
bPoljoprivredna stručna služba Kikinda, Prognozno-izveštajna služba zaštite bilja Srbije

e-adresacupinas@polj.uns.ac.rs, aleksandarivezic@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Gajenje povrća u Srbiji predstavlja jednu od najintenzivnijih grana poljoprivredne proizvodnje. Postoji više različitih klasifikacija povrtarskih vrsta, pri čemu je vrlo često zastupljena klasifikacija povrća prema jestivom delu. Ovakva podela kao posebnu i vrlo značajnu kategoriju ističe korenasto povrće. Tokom celog vegetacionog perioda korenasto povrće je izloženo napadu brojnih štetočina, koje smanjuju upotrebnu vrednost i kvalitet finalnog proizvoda. Pored insekata, koji čine najbrojniju grupu životinja, povrće oštećuju i grinje, nematode, puževi, glodari i neke vrste ptica. Jedna od ekološki prihvatljivih metoda u zaštiti povrća je primena lovnih useva, pri čemu se određene biljne vrste, tzv. lovne biljke koriste u cilju privlačenja štetočina, kako bi se smanjio stepen oštećenja glavnog useva. U savremenoj poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji lovni usevi se primenjuju kao uobičajen alat u integralnoj zaštiti bilja. Primena lovnih useva izaziva sve veće interesovanje poljoprivrednih proizvođača, pre svega zbog zabrinjavajućih, potencijalno negativnih efekata pesticida na ljudsko zdravlje i životnu sredinu, kao i zbog sve češće pojave rezistentnosti insekata na pojedine insekticide. S obzirom da su korenaste vrste povrća namenjene tržištu pre svega u svežem stanju, bitan segment proizvodnje je efikasna zaštita povrtarskih useva uz postizanje zdravstvene bezbednosti finalnog proizvoda. U tom smislu je razmatranje primene lovnih useva za zaštitu korenastog povrća više nego opravdano, jer lovni usevi predstavljaju ekološki prihvatljivu metodu i efikasnu alternativu konvencionalnoj zaštiti povrća od štetočina.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/BiljLek2006619I
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.01.2021.