Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: [1]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:[2]
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:14
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:9

Sadržaj

članak: 2 od 5  
Back povratak na rezultate
2019, vol. 23, br. 2, str. 66-68
Povećanje kvaliteta semena paprike primenom mikorize
aInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
bInstitut za zemljište, Beograd
cInstitut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun

e-adresapdobrivoj@yahoo.com
Projekat:
Razrada integrisanog upravljanja i primene savremenih principa suzbijanja štetnih organizama u zaštiti bilja (MPNTR - 31018)
The research was financed by the Fund Innovation Activity, the Republic of Serbia, project IP 285

Ključne reči: Paprika; Glomus sp.; Trichoderma sp.; mikoriza; biostimulator
Sažetak
Cilj istraživanja je bio da se izvrši ocena uticaja godine, populacije semena i tretmana semana formulacijom mikorize na dva najznačajnija pokazatelja kvaliteta semena paprike. Kao materijal u istraživanjima korišćene su tri domaće populacije začinske paprike poreklom sa dva lokaliteta iz Srbije: istočna - Negotin (dve populacije slatka i ljuta) i zapadna - Badovinci (ljuta). Seme populacija paprika proizvedeno je u organskom sistemu gajenja 2017. godine. Utvrđivanje vrednosti pokazatelja kvaliteta (energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti) semena paprika izvedeno je 2017. i 2018. godine u Laboratoriji za ispitivanje kvaliteta semena poljoprivrednog bilja Instituta za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu u Beogradu. Analiza energije klijanja i klijavosti semena paprika pokazala je visoko značajne razlike (r<0,01) pod uticajem svih pojedinačnih faktora godine (faktor A), populacije semena (faktor B) i tretmana (faktor C). Veoma značajne interakcije ispitivanih faktora u pogledu energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti semena paprika dobijene su i kod inetrakcije faktora A × B. Tretman semena populacija paprika izveden je komercijalnom formulacijom biostimulatora (Coveron) koji u sastavu sadrži Glomus mosseae, Glomus intraradices i Trihoderma atroviride. Tretmanom semena biostimulatorom u prvoj godini zabeleženo je povećanje energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti od 4 do 6%, u odnosu na kontrolu. U drugoj godini povećanje energije klijanja kretalo se u interval od 3 do 16%, dok je efekat povećanja ukupne klijavosti bio od 3 do 4%, u odnosu na kontrolu. Porastom starosti semena opada energija klijanja i ukupna klijavost. U tim slučajevima efekat tretmana semena paprika biostimulatorima posebno dobija na značaju, jer utičena poboljšanje parametara kvalieteta semena.
Reference
Al-Ghamdi, A.A.M., Jais, H.M., Khogali, A. (2012) Relationship between the Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Colonization in the Roots and Heavy Metal and Flavonoid Contents in the Leaves of Juniperus procera. J. Ecol. Nat. Environ, 212-218; (4)
Al-Karaki, G.N. (2006) Nursery inoculation of tomato with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and subsequent performance under irrigation with saline water. Scientia Horticulturae, 109(1): 1-7
Barea, J.M., Azcon-Aguilar, C. (1982) Production of plant growth-regulating substances by the vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol, (43): 810-813
Brandt, K., Leifert, C., Sanderson, R., Seal, C. J. (2011) Agroecosystem Management and Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods: The Case of Organic Fruits and Vegetables. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 30(1-2): 177-197
Brundett, M., Bougher, N., Dell, B., Grove, T., Malajczuk, N. (1996) Working with mycorrhizas Inforestry and agriculture. Canberra: Pirie Printers, ACISR monograph
Candido, V., Campanelli, G., D'Addabbo, T., Castronuovo, D., Renco, M., Camele, I. (2013) Growth and yield promoting effect of artificial mycorrhization combined with different fertiliser rates on field-grown tomato. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 8(3): 22
Cekic, F.O., Unyayar, S., Ortas, I. (2012) Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on biochemical parameters in Capsicum annuum grown under long term salt stress. Turk J. Bot., (36): 63-72
Coons, J.M., Kuehl, R.O., Simons, N.R. (1990) Tolerance of Ten Lettuce Cultivars to High Temperature Combined with NaCl during Germination. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 115(6): 1004-1007
Cutler, H.G., Himmelsbach, D.S., Yagen, B., Arrendale, R.F., Jacyno, J.M., Cole, P.D., Cox, R.H. (1991) Koninginin B: a biologically active congener of koninginin A from Trichoderma koningii. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 39(5): 977-980
Gravel, V., Antoun, H., Tweddell, R.J. (2007) Growth stimulation and fruit yield improvement of greenhouse tomato plants by inoculation with Pseudomonas putida or Trichoderma atroviride: Possible role of indole acetic acid (IAA). Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(8): 1968-1977
Hanson, L.D. (2000) Reduction of Verticillium wilt symptoms in cotton following seed eatment with Trichodermavirens. J. Cotton Sci., (4): 224-231
Harman, G.E. (2006) Overview of Mechanisms and Uses of Trichoderma spp. Phytopathology, 96(2): 190-194
Howell, C. R. (2003) Mechanisms Employed by Trichoderma Species in the Biological Control of Plant Diseases: The History and Evolution of Current Concepts. Plant Disease, 87(1): 4-10
Hoyos, M.E., Zhang, S. (2000) Calcium-Independent Activation of Salicylic Acid-Induced Protein Kinase and a 40-Kilodalton Protein Kinase by Hyperosmotic Stress. Plant Physiology, 122(4): 1355-1364
International Seed Testing Association (2009) International Rules for Seed Testing. Basserdorf, CH, edition
Islam, M.S., Rahman, M.A., Bulbul, S.H., Alam, M.F. (2011) Effect of Trichoderma on seed germination and seedling parameters in chili. Int. J. Expt. Agric, 2 (1) 21-26
Jin, S., Chen, C. C. S., Plant, A. L. (2000) Regulation by ABA of osmotic‐stress‐induced changes in protein synthesis in tomato roots. Plant, Cell & Environment, 23(1): 51-60
Konings-Dudin, G., Butcher, M.J., Castor-Macías, J.A., Kohanloo, B., Garcia, M. (2014) Endomy-corrhizal Fungi and Opuntia ficus-indica Seed Germination on a Lunar Regolith Simulant. Advances in Microbiology, 04(10): 616-626
Lairon, D. (2010) Nutritional quality and safety of organic food. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30(1): 33-41
Marhavý, P., Bielach, A., Abas, L., Abuzeineh, A., Duclercq, J., Tanaka, H., Pařezová, M., Petrášek, J., Friml, J., Kleine-Vehn, J., Benková, E. (2011) Cytokinin Modulates Endocytic Trafficking of PIN1 Auxin Efflux Carrier to Control Plant Organogenesis. Developmental Cell, 21(4): 796-804
Mishra, D.S., Sinha, A.P. (2000) Plant growth promoting activity of some fungal and bacteria agents on rice seed germination and seedling growth. Tropical Agric, 188-191; (77)
Morales, J.M.P., Stall, W.M. (2004) Papaya (CARICA PAPAYA) transplant growth is affected by a trichoderma-based stimulator. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc, 117) 227-231
Oyarbide, F., Osterrieth, M.L., Cabello, M. (2001) Trichoderma koningii as a biomineralizing fungous agent of calcium oxalate crystals in typical Argiudolls of the Los Padres Lake natural reserve (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Microbiological Research, 156(2): 113-119
Poštić, D., Štrbanović, R., Stanojković-Sebić, A., Tabaković, M., Đurić, N., Jovanović, S., Stanisavljević, R. (2018) Prinos različitih populacija bundeve (Cucurbita maxima Duch.) u organskom sistemu gajenja. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 31-33
Sakakibara, H. (2006) CYTOKININS: Activity, Biosynthesis, and Translocation. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 57(1): 431-449
Stat-Soft Inc (2006) Statistica (Data Analysis Software System). USA, v.8.0, (www. statsoft.com)
Tabaković, M., Sabovljević, R., Crevar, M., Mišović, M., Jovanović, S., Ćurčić, N., Pavlov, M. (2013) Uticaj vlažnosti pri berbi na klijavost semena kukuruza. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, vol. 17, br. 2, str. 73-75
Torrey, J.G. (1992) Can plant productivity be increased by inoculation of tree roots with soil microorganisms?. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 22(12): 1815-1823
Vinale, F., Sivasithamparam, K., Ghisalberti, E.L., Marra, R., Woo, S.L., Lorito, M. (2008) Trichoderma-plant-pathogen interactions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40(1): 1-10
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/jpea1902066P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 03.05.2019.