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2012, iss. 1, pp. 310-321
The role of institute of notary in probate process according to positive inheritance legislations of Montenegro
Pravni fakultet UCG, Podgorica, Crna Gora
Keywords: notaries; Civil law; contemporary trends; Montenegro; European practice
Abstract
Reaffirming the notary in frame of the reform of contemporary legal system of Montenegro, Montenegro has joined the countries with long tradition of notary. Notary was not characteristic for socialistic countries , but all of the countries in transition in the region, accepted and brought the Law on Notaries, or Public Notary. Notaries have significant function as independent experts and professionals with high degree public confidence which are reflecting, first of all, in protecting rights and interests of sides, contributing acceleration of legal traffic, and relieve of justice. That is the reason why the public notary appears as a mediator between the state and individual, and has the role of 'preventive judge' as it prevents eventual dispute. The important part of court jurisdictions is transferred to notaries, such as in probate proceedings as uncontested proceeding, which has the aim to determine uncontested facts, but if they appear, the sides are sent to litigation. The usefulness of this institute in contentious justice, and particularly in probate proceedings can’t be denied. Delegacy to notary, as judicial commissioner, the hole discussing legacy, with some restrictions, or some actions, is based on the Law, but, in concrete case the charge court decides or the President of the Court, guided by rationality and efficiency of the proceedings. Besides the traditional notary role in drafting documents and reliably recording of legal affairs, notary becomes more important in those legal areas, which exclusively were in court's jurisdiction. Contemporary trends are going to establishing new legal regime for notary in probate proceeding, in terms of exceeding the whole proceeding to the jurisdiction of notary. It’s demanded forms creator of Montenegrin Civil Law to harmonise Law on Notaries with latter passed laws respective on inheriting and non-contentious issue. This specially because The Civil Law of Montenegro is in intensive process of harmonization with EU law. This is an opportunity for innovation in existing texts in accordance with European countries practice.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published in SCIndeks: 22/03/2013

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