• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:11
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:6


article: 2 from 59  
Back back to result list
2021, vol. 11, iss. 1, pp. 13-35
Time perspective as predictor of perceived stress in managers
aAcademy of Educational-Medical Professional Studies Kruševac, Department of Ćuprija, Ćuprija
bUnion University, Faculty of Law and Business Studies 'dr Lazar Vrkatic', Department of Psychology, Novi Sad,
Keywords: time perspectives; perceived stress; managers
The aim of this study was to determine relation between dimensions of time perspective and perceived stress among managers, who have one to three years of working experience as managers. The basic assumption was that dimensions of time perspective are empirically confirmed correlates of numerous psychic functions, thus they can also be correlates of perceived stress. Therefore, we set hypothesis that dimensions of time perspective are significant predictors of perceived stress in managers. The study was conducted on the sample of 92 managers of both genders (37% of men and 63% of women). Average age of examinees was 36.58 years. Selective variable for formation of the sample was the length of working experience in management - from minimum one up to maximum three years. The assumption for the sample justification was that managers-beginners experience bigger number of stimuli from the environment as stressors. An adapted version of Zimbardo's time perspective questionnaire (ZTPI, Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999, adaptation of Kostić & Nedeljković, 2013) was used to operationalize the time perspective. The questionnaire with 52 items determines five dimensions of time perspective - negative and positivie past, hedonistic and fatalistic present and future. Perceived stress is determined by score on Cohen's questionnaire for perceived stress (The Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10, Cohen et al, 1983). Significant regression model was obtained, which explains 17,6% variance in perception of stress in managers. As the only independently significant predictor in the group of dimensions of time perspective, future was highlighted (b = 0,416). Managers who are turned towards the future have higher scores of the perceived stress. The results confirmed the initial assumption on predictor power of dimensions of time perspective in predicting intensity of the perceived stress. The results represent contribution to understanding the relationship between dimensions of time perspective and stress perception during the first years of management and may be the starting point for future research of those constructs.
Backović, D., Milovanović, S., Maksimović, M., Latas, M. (2000) Stres i mentalni zamor u radnom procesu kao problem industrijski razvijenih zemalja. Engrami, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 39-64
Cernas, O.D.A., Davis, M.A. (2016) Future and past negative time perspective influences on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in Mexico and the United States. Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, 14(3): 317-338
Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., Mermelstein, R. (1983) A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4): 385-385
Davis, A. (2010) Political communication and social theory: Communication and society. London: Routledge, 1th Edition
Giorgi, G., Shoss, M.K., Leon-Perez, J.M. (2015) Going beyond workplace stressors: Economic crisis and perceived employability in relation to psychological distress and job dissatisfaction. International Journal of Stress Management, 22(2): 137-158
Kalish, Y., Luria, G. (2016) Leadership emergence over time in short-lived groups: Integrating expectations states theory with temporal person-perception and self-serving bias. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(10): 1474-1486
Knežević, T. (2016) Odnos profesionalnog i životnog stila zaposlenih i stila upravljanja organizacijom. Univerzitet u N. Sadu-Fakultet tehničkih nauka, doktorska disertacija
Kostić, A., Nedeljković (2013) Studije vremenskih perspektiva u Srbiji. Niš: Punta
Kotter, J.P. (1990) What leaders really do. Boston: Harvard Business School Press
Lazarus, R.S., Folkman, S. (1984) Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer pub.Co, 6th. ed
Marković, E., Milojević, A., Milojković, S. (2004) Konativne osobine ličnosti kao činioci preferencije stilova rukovođenja. Godišnjak za psihologiju, br. 3, str. 183-193
Marković, Z. (2006) Profil ličnosti rukovodioca i preferencije stila rukovođenja i odlučivanja. Niš: Univerzitet u Nišu-Filozofski fakultet-Grupa za psihologiju, doktorska disertacija
Mathieu, J.E. (2016) The problem with (in)management theory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37(8): 1132-1141
Munro, A. (2012) Leadership wisdom and the perspective of time. Integral Leadership Rewiev, jan/12
Northouse, P.G. (20016) Leadership: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications, 6th. ed
Panić, D. (2016) Psychophysic correlates of burnout in managers of small-sized enterprises. Teme, vol. 40, br. 2, str. 493-507
Seijts, G.H. (1998) The importance of future time perspective in theories of work motivation. Journal of Psychology, 132(2): 154-168
Zaccaro, S.J. (2007) Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist, APA, 62(1): 6-16
Zaleski, Z., Przepiorka, A. (2014) Goals need time perspective to be achieved. Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application, 323-335
Zotović, M. (2002) Stres i posledice stresa - prikaz transakcionističkog teorijskog modela. Psihologija, vol. 35, br. 1-2, str. 3-23


article language: Serbian, English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/Civitas2101013V
received: 21/12/2020
accepted: 06/02/2021
published in SCIndeks: 03/12/2021