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2021, vol. 30, br. 2, str. 79-89
Korovi su kompleksan problem širom sveta
aSs. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty for Agricultural Sciences and Food, Skopje, N. Macedonia
bUniversity of Prishtina "Hasan Prishtina", Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, Prishtinë, Kosovo

e-adresazvonkop@fznh.ukim.edu.mk
Ključne reči: korovi; štete; suzbijanje; gubici; troškovi
Sažetak
ME Više od 30% ukupne svetske flore čine korovi, a u okviru tog fonda nalaze se vrste koje prave ozbiljne probleme u biljnoj proizvodnji i dobijanju zdravstveno bezbedne herane, štetno deluju na zdravlje ljudi, životnu sredinu, ekonomsku stabilnost i blagostanje društva. Problem korova kao globalni problem na planeti raste kako se povećavaju ljudske aktivnosti i uticaj čoveka na životnu sredinu. Korovi zahvaljujući biološko-ekološkim karakteristikama, koje im između ostalog obezbeđuje snažan kompetitivni potencijal, uzrokuju značajne štete i gubitke u poljoprivredi, šumarstvu, akvakulturi, vodosnabdevanju i nizu drugih ljudskih aktivnosti. Generalno, konkurencija između korova i useva je najvažniji uzrok pada prinosa u mnogim usevima. Naime štete nastaju kao rezultat fizičke (direktne tj. konkurencije za životni prostor) i fiziološke (indirektne tj. konkurencije za prirodne resurse) kompeticije, alelopatskih međuodnosa, zatim korovi su često primarni ili sekunadarni domaćini biljnim patogenima i štetočinama, i na kraju povećavaju troškove tokom žetve useva. Korovi su apsolutno ekonomski najštetnija grupa bioagenasa u biljnoj proizvodnji jer su permanentno prisutni za razliku od patogena i štetočina koje se periodično javljaju. Na globalnom nivou procenjeno je da korovi utiču na gubitke u prinosu useva od 13,2%, a ukoliko se ne bi pristupalo njihovom suzbijanju procenjuje se da bi se ti gubici kretali od 20-90%.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/actaherb2102079P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.01.2022.

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