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2020, vol. 48, br. 5, str. 510-521
Odbrambeni odgovori biljaka suncokreta na napad gljivičnih patogena
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresaslobodan.krsmanovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: suncokret; gljivični patogeni; mehanizmi odbrane; interakcijski odnosi
Sažetak
Biljke suncokreta pokazuju izražena alelopatska svojstva i kao takve predstavljaju pogodnu bazu za potencijalna naučna istraživanja. Razumevanje i iskorištavanje upravo tog potencijala, moglo bi višestruko smanjiti upotrebu hemijskih sredstava za zaštitu bilja, koja se intenzivno koriste u tehnologiji proizvodnje ovog useva. Danas se u oplemenjivanju suncokreta ulaže veliki napor radi razvoja otpornosti ove biljne vrste prema ekonomski najznačajnijim patogenima, a to su u najvećem broju slučajeva fitopatogene gljive, te parazitni korovi kao što je volovod. Budući da je suncokret sve popularnija kultura na poljima proizvođača u Republici Srbiji, dat je pregled do sada poznatih, pasivnih i aktivnih mehanizama odbrane, koji su ključni u stvaranju otpornosti. Takođe, studija detaljno opisuje interakcijske odnose između najštetnijih gljivičnih patogena i biljaka suncokreta, ekspresiju gena koja je uslovljena njihovim napadom, te produkciju metabolita koji su ključni u formiranju indukovane odbrane.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/BiljLek2005510K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.11.2020.

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