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2020, vol. 62, iss. 3, pp. 62-86
Right to life and use of absolutely necessary force: Standards of European Court of Human Rights and situation in Serbia
Ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova Republike Srbije, Uprava policije u Direkciji policije

emailstevandic.danilo@gmail.com
Abstract
The right to life falls under the category of fundamental human rights, which are guaranteed to every person, under all circumstances and in all places. Nevertheless, the right to life is subject to certain restrictions required by reasons considered justified according to standards prevalent in a democratic society. After laying special stress on the relevant provisions set forth in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the paper further tackles the basic viewpoint of the European Court of Human Rights on the Protection of the Right to Life and implementation of the "absolutely necessary force" criterion, after which it addresses the compliance of domestic law with the European legal standards in this area. The legal standard concerning absolutely necessary force means a higher degree of necessity in relation to the standard detailing on what is "necessary in a democratic society" and therefore represents the ultima ratio for achieving a legitimate goal. As a last resort intended for the protection of human life, the force has to be aimed at protecting physical integrity and thus it is proportionate to the threatening violence, i.e., clear and imminent danger to human life. The European Court of Human Rights assesses whether the force that was used is proportional to the achievement of legitimate goals and thereby absolutely necessary according to the criteria of a democratic society by applying a more stringent necessity and proportionality tests in each specific case. The legal standards of the European Court of Human Rights, especially the standards on the use of absolutely necessary force, both support and affirm the protection of the right to life and concurrently shape the practice of the Constitutional Court of Serbia. The establishment of a normative and institutional framework has created elementary prerequisites for effective protection of the right to life in the Republic of Serbia, whilst breach of its procedural obligation is the most common reason for its responsibility with respect to violations of the right to life.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/bezbednost2003062S
received: 24/07/2020
accepted: 23/11/2020
published in SCIndeks: 29/12/2020

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