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2007, vol. 22, br. 2, str. 93-103
Uticaj gustine kukuruza i načina setve na suzbijanje korova i prinos zrna kukuruza
Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun

e-adresasmilena@mrizp.co.yu
Ključne reči: populacija kukuruza; gustina; način setve; supresija korova; prinos zrna
Sažetak
Prema programu integralnog sistema kontrole korova, treba težiti efikasnom iskorišćavanju kompeticijske sposobnosti useva u onemogućavanju porasta korova. Gustina kukuruza koja se postiže pravovremenom setvom optimalnog broja biljaka za date uslove staništa, vrstu i hibrid, direktno utiče na formiranje dobre pokrovnosti useva, a samim tim I na povećanje njegove konkurentske sposobnosti u odnosu na korove. Prema našim rezultatima gajenje kukuruza u povećanoj gustini je dovelo do značajnog smanjenja ukupne biomase korova tokom sve četiri godine istraživanja. Gajenjem useva sa ujednačenim rasporedom i u većoj gustini postiže se bolje iskorišćavanje svetlosti, vode i hranljivih materija i povećava njegova kompetitivna sposobnost. Prema rezultatima istraživanja sprovedenih u Zemun Polju najmanja sveža masa korova je utvrđena u varijanti sa najmanjim međurednim razmakom (35x50 cm). Pored delovanja na smanjenje zakorovljenosti, gajenje kukuruza u povećanim gustinama i sa pravilnijim rasporedom biljaka (smanjeni međuredni razmak) uglavnom doprinosi i ostvarenju većih prinosa zrna.
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objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.01.2008.

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