• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:3
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:3


article: 2 from 8  
Back back to result list
2019, vol. 35, iss. 4, pp. 367-375
The share of tissues in the pig round depending on the genotype, gender and season
aInstitute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun
bMinistry of Agriculture, Forestry and Waterpower Engineering, Belgrade
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
Implementation of various rearing – selection and biotechnological methods in breeding of pigs (MESTD - 31081)

Keywords: fatteners; fatty tissue; bone tissue; muscle tissue of the round
The study included 201 offspring (108 castrated males and 93 females) of Landrace (L), Large White (LW) and Pietrain (P) sires. The studied animals were of following genotype: Landrace (L; n = 48); two breed crosses with 50:50 share of parental breeds (LWxL, n=32; and PxL, n=23), two breed crosses with 75% of paternal breed [Lx(♀LWxL), n=35] and [LWx(♀LxWL) n=38] and three breed crosses [Px(♀LWxL) n=25]. Animals included in this study were born during four seasons: winter (n=38), spring (n=65), summer (n=40) and autumn (n=58). Studies have shown that, at an average weight of warm carcass side of 81.20 kg, the highest average values for the weight of round (RW; 10.204 kg), the weight of intermuscular fatty tissue (RINT; 0.478 kg), bone tissue (RBT; 0.850 kg) and muscle tissue (RMT, 7.552 kg) in the round, were established in three-breed crosses of Px (LWxL) genotype compared to other genotypes. The least skin and subcutaneous fatty tissue (RST; 1.269 kg) was recorded in two breed crosses PxL. They had less skin and subcutaneous fatty tissue by 454 g and 467 grams, respectively, compared to two breed crosses (LWxL) and LWx (♀LxLW). Research has shown that there is a genotype on a farm that gives more muscle tissue in the round by 1.521 kg [Px (♀LWxL): LWx (♀LWxL)] with the same weight of warm carcass side, which is a very large difference. With the same average weight of warm carcass side, female animals had higher average weight of the round and yield of muscle tissue compared to male castrated animals. The effect of genotype (P<0.001) on all investigated traits was recorded, also the effect of the season of birth on the skin and subcutaneous fat tissue and on the weight of intermuscular fat in the round was recorded. The effect of sex/gender was significant (P<0.01) on the weight of skin and subcutaneous fat and on the weight of the muscle tissues in the round but no significant effect on other tested properties (P> 0.05) was observed.
Bahelka, I., Hanusová, E., Peškovičová, D., Demo, P. (2007) The effect of sex and slaughter weight on intramuscular fat content and its relationship to carcass traits of pigs. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 52(No. 5): 122-129
Čepin, S., Žgur, S. (2003) Meat production technologies with reduced fat and cholesterol contents in meat. Tehnologija mesa, vol. 44, br. 3-4, str. 117-130
de Lange, C.F. M., Morel, H.C. P., Birkett, H.S. (2003) Modelling chemical and physical body composition of the growing pig. Journal of Animal Science, 81, E. Suppl. 2, E159-E165
Dević, B., Stamenković, T. (2004) Sadržaj intramuskularne masti u mišićima svinja. Tehnologija mesa, vol. 45, br. 3-4, str. 125-128
Karolyi, D. (2007) Masti u mesu svinja. Meso, 6, 335-340
Kosovac, O., Živković, B., Radović, Č., Smiljaković, T. (2009) Quality indicators: Carcass side and meat quality of pigs of different genotypes. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, vol. 25, br. 3-4, str. 173-188
Kušec, G., Đurkin, I., Petričević, A., Kralik, G., Maltar, Z. (2006) Utjecaj spola na distribuciju tkiva u svinjskim polovicama. Krmiva, 48, 131-142
Mason, L.M., Hogan, S.A., Lynch, A., O'Sullivan, K., Lawlor, P.G., Kerry, J.P. (2005) Effects of restricted feeding and antioxidant supplementation on pig performance and quality characteristics of longissimus dorsi muscle from Landrace and Duroc pigs. Meat Science, 70(2): 307-317
Radović, Č., Petrović, M., Živković, B., Kosovac, O., Parunović, N. (2008) The effect of different fixed factors on quality traits of pig carcass. Journal of Mountain Agriculture on the Balkans, 11(4), 649-659
Renaudeau, D., Giorgi, M., Silou, F., Weisbecker, J.L. (2006) Effect of Breed (Lean or Fat Pigs) and Sex on Performance and Feeding Behaviour of Group Housed Growing Pigs in a Tropical Climate. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 19(4): 593-600
Renaudeau, D., Mourot, J. (2007) A comparison of carcass and meat quality characteristics of Creole and Large White pigs slaughtered at 90 kg. Meat Science, 76(1): 165-171
Renaudeau, D., Hilaire, M., Mourot, J. (2005) A comparison of carcass and meat quality characteristics of Creole and Large White pigs slaughtered at 150 days of age. Animal Research, 54(1): 43-54
Serrano, M.P., Valencia, D.G., Nieto, M., Lázaro, R., Mateos, G.G. (2008) Influence of sex and terminal sire line on performance and carcass and meat quality of Iberian pigs reared under intensive production systems. Meat Science, 78(4): 420-428
Walstra, P., Merkus, G.S.M. (1996) Procedure for assessment of the lean meat percentage as cosequence of the new EU reference dissection method in pig carcass classification. Zeist, the Netherlands: Research Institute for Animal Science and Health (ID - DLO)-Research Branch, ID-DLO 96. 014, str. 1-22


article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/BAH1904367R
published in SCIndeks: 09/01/2020
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

No related records