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2006, vol. 22, iss. 5-6, pp. 1-10
Phenotypic and genetic variability of quality traits of carcass sides and meat
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
bInstitute of Science Application in Agriculture, Belgrade
cInstitute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun

emailmilica@agrifaculty.bg.ac.yu
Project:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. BTN-351008B

Abstract
Investigation of phenotypic and genetic variability of carcass side quality traits and pH values of M. semimembranosusa was carried out on 997 fatteners (446 females and 551 castrates) who originated from 20 sires. Sires were pure breed (Swedish Landrace, Large White and Duroc) and two breed crosses (Duroc x hampshire). In average 48,8 progeny - fatteners over sire were tested. Obtained data was processed by application of several methods of least squares (Harvey, 1990) in which sire genotype, sex and mass of warm carcass sides were included (linear effect) or age at the end of fattening (linear effect). Sires and sex of offspring influenced variation of all traits (P<0.01) except on value pH45. Genotype of sire influenced (P<0.05) variation of both pH values Heritability coefficients of quality traits of carcass sides were medium and in the interval from 0.234 to 0.408. Low value of heritability coefficient (0.098) was evaluated for trait pH45. Contrary to this trait, heritability of pH24 was high. Phenotypic relation of carcass side traits was of different force (from very weak to complete) and sign. Between traits pH45 and pH24 evaluated coefficient of phenotypic correlation wasn't statistically significant.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/BAH0606001P
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007

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