• citations in SCIndeks: [1]
  • citations in CrossRef:[1]
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:21
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:21


article: 1 from 9  
Back back to result list
2016, vol. 13, iss. 3, pp. 203-226
Open innovations, innovation communities and firm's innovative activities
aJohn Naisbitt University, Faculty of Business Studies, Belgrade
bJohn Naisbitt University, Faculty of Geoeconomics, Belgrade,
Keywords: open innovation; open source software; innovation communities; crowdsourcing; motivation
The open innovation paradigm emphasizes the fact that firms can improve their performance by opening their business models and reduce their R&D costs by effective incorporation of external knowledge. In other words, companies are able to capture value through knowledge that exists outside the boundaries of their organization. The shift from closed to open model of innovation has imposed the necessity to adopt more open approach to innovation within traditional academic view of business strategy. The adoption of this innovative approach is emphasized even more, by the necessity for stronger connection and cooperation among the participants of the innovation process. Free will and collaboration are the main characteristics of open source software, which is recognized in literature as the role model of open innovation and is a rapidly growing method of technology development. Furthermore, innovative communities represent a great opportunity for improvement of the companies' innovation activities, since they have become an important source for identifying the needs and problems of the users. Their development has been fostered by information technologies and recent social changes in user behavior. Recognizing and better understanding the motivation of the members of the innovation communities that guide them to participate in the process of idea generation, can have significant influence on their incorporation within the innovation process. Equally important is to define the incentives that are suited for stimulating and fostering innovative user activities. Taking this topic in consideration, the purpose of this article is to address the following questions: In what way does the collaboration in open source software projects have positive effect on companies' innovation performance? What are the innovation communities and how can companies establish successful interaction with them? Why does the interaction with innovation communities lead to improvements of innovation process? What motivates the members of innovation communities to participate in creating the innovation? What are adequate incentives for stimulating user innovation activities.
Andriole, S.J. (2010) Business impact of Web 2.0 technologies. Communications of the ACM, 53(12): 67
Bonaccorsi, A., Rossi, C. (2003) Why Open Source software can succeed. Research Policy, 32(7): 1243-1258
Brabham, D.C. (2010) Moving the crowd at threadless. Information, Communication & Society, 13(8): 1122-1145
Chanal, V., Caron-Fasan, M. (2010) The Difficulties involved in Developing Business Models open to Innovation Communities: the Case of a Crowdsourcing Platform. M@n@gement, 13(4): 318
Chesbourgh, H. (2003) The era of open innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 44 (3) 35-41
Chesbrough, H.W. (2003) Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press
Chesbrough, H. (2012) Open Innovation: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going. Research-Technology Management, 55(4): 20-27
Chesbrough, H.W. (2006) Open innovation: A new paradigm for understanding industrial innovation. in: Chesbrough Henry, Vanhaverbeke Wim, West Joel [ed.] Open Innovation: Researching a New Paradigm, New York: Oxford University Press, 1-25
Chesbrough, H.W., Appleyard, M.M. (2007) Open Innovation and Strategy. California Management Review, 50(1): 57-76
Deci, E.L., Ryan, R.M. (1985) Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York-San Diego: Academic Press
di Gangi, P., Molly, W., Hooker, R. (2010) Getting customers ideas to work for you: Learning from dell how to succeed with online user innovation communities. MIS Quarterly Executive, 9(4); 213-228
Fleming, L., Waguespack, D.M. (2007) Brokerage, Boundary Spanning, and Leadership in Open Innovation Communities. Organization Science, 18(2): 165-180
Franke, N., Shah, S. (2003) How communities support innovative activities: an exploration of assistance and sharing among end-users. Research Policy, 32(1): 157-178
Hars, A., Shaosong, O. (2002) Working for free?-motivations of participating in open source projects. International Journal for Electronic Commerce, 6 (3); 25-39
Hoang, T.N., Antunes, P., Johnstone, D. (2013) Crowdsourcing design reference: A preliminary model. NZISDC, 1-7;, (02.12.2014)
Howe, J. (2008) Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of the Crowd is Driving the Future of Business. New York: Crown Publishing Group
Janzik, L. (2010) Contribution and participation in innovation communities: a classification of incentives and motives. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 07(03): 247-262
Katz, M.L., Shapiro, C. (1985) Network externalities, competition and compatibility. American Economic Review, vol. 75, br. 3, str. 424-440
Kotlica, S., Rankov, S. (2014) Uticaj inovacija i tehnologija na konkurentnost savremenog poslovanja. Beograd: Megatrend univerzitet
Krogh, G.von, Spaeth, S., Lakhani, K.R. (2003) Community, joining, and specialization in open source software innovation: a case study. Research Policy, 32(7): 1217-1241
Malone, T.W., Laubacher, R., Chrysantos, D. (2010) The collective intelligence genome. MIT Sloan Management Review, 51 (3); 20-31
Markus, M.L., Manville, B., Agres, C.E. (2000) What makes a virtual organization work. Sloan Manage Rev, (13-25)
Muhdi, L., Boutellier, R. (2011) Motivational factors affecting participation and contribution of members in two different Swiss innovation communities. International Journal of Innovation Management, 15(03): 543-562
Müller-Seitz, G., Reger, G. (2009) Is open source software living up to its promises? Insights for open innovation management from two open source software-inspired projects1. R&D Management, 39(4): 372-381
Nabil, S. (2002) Connect & Develop complements research and develop at P&G. Research Technology Management, 45 (2); 38-45
Oreilly, T. (2007) What is Web 2. O - design patterns and business models for the next generation of software. Communication &Strategies, 1 (65); 17-37
Pelle, E., Morten, K. (1987) The collective resource approach to system design. in: Gro Bjerknes, Pelle Ehn, Morten Kyng [ed.] Computers and Democracy-a Scandinavian Challenge, Avebury: Gower Publishing Ltd, 17-58
Piller, F.T., Walcher, D. (2006) Toolkits for idea competitions: a novel method to integrate users in new product development. R and D Management, 36(3): 307-318
Schröder, A., Hölzle, K. (2010) Virtual Communities for Innovation: Influence Factors and Impact on Company Innovation. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(3): 257-268
von Hippel, E. (1986) Lead users: A source of novel product concepts. Management Science, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 791-805
von Hippel, E. (2005) Democratizing innovation. Cambridge: MIT Press
von Hippel, E. (1988) The sources of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press
West, J. (2003) How open is open enough? Melding proprietary and open source platform strategies. Research Policy, 32(7): 1259-1285
West, J., Gallagher, S. (2006) Challenges of open innovation: the paradox of firm investment in open-source software. R and D Management, 36(3): 319-331
Whitla, P. (2009) Crowdsourcing and its application in marketing activities. Contemporary management research, 5(1), 15-28


article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/MegRev1603203G
published in SCIndeks: 21/01/2017
Creative Commons License 4.0