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2018, br. 1, str. 189-206
Evolucija baskijskog separatizma od 1959. do 2018. godine
Institut za evropske studije, Beograd

e-adresarajko.petrovic@ies.rs
Ključne reči: baskijski separatizam; ETA; Španija; demokratizacija; nenasilni model separatizma
Sažetak
U ovom radu ćemo ispitati uzroke i posledice evolucije baskijskog separatizma u periodu od 1959. do 2018. godine. Prvih nekoliko decenija posmatranog perioda baskijski separatizam je imao izraženo nasilan i teroristički oblik, pre svega kroz delovanje terorističke organizacije ETA. Nakon smrti španskog diktatora Franka, dolazi do demokratizacije u Španiji kroz donošenje novog Ustava 1978. godine, kojim je status Baska u Španiji bitno poboljšan. To postepeno uzrokuje promenu načina delovanja separatista u Baskiji, koji polako napuštaju nasilje kao sredstvo ostvarivanja svojih ciljeva, te se sve više okreću ka demokratskim i nenasilnim metodama borbe za nezavisnost. Shodno tome, podrška aktivista i simpatizera prema terorizmu toliko opada da je ETA najpre ušla u višegodišnje pregovore sa španskom vlašću, zatim objavila prekid vatre, a najzad i proglasila svoje gašenje 2018. godine.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/GFB1801189P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 31.03.2020.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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