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2021, vol. 68, br. 1, str. 7-18
Oralno zdravlje mladih u Srbiji - kliničke i nekliničke determinante kod studenata osnovnih studija u Beogradu
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet

e-adresabogdan.lisul@gmail.com
Projekat:
451-02-266/2011-05

Ključne reči: status oralnog zdravlja; kvalitet života povezan sa oralnim zdravljem; studenti
Sažetak
Uvod U Srbiji je malo informacija o statusu oralnog zdravlja (OZ) mladih od 19 do 26 godina. Ova studija imala je za cilj da istraži trendove u statusu OZ-a i kvalitetu života povezanom sa oralnim zdravljem (KŽPsOZ) u populaciji studenata osnovnih studija u 2012. godini u Beogradu. Materijal i metode Studija je obuhvatila ukupno 699 studenata sa različitih fakulteta kod kojih je analiziran status zuba. Njih 530 je uzelo učešće u anketi o oralnom zdravlju, a kod 275 je evaluiran parodontalni status. Anketni upitnik sastojao se iz šest odeljaka - osnovnih ličnih informacija, sociodemografskih podataka, oralnozdravstvenih navika i korišćenja stomatološke službe, faktora rizika, samoprocene OZ-a i KŽPsOZ-a. Klinička procena izvršena je korišc'enjem prosečnog karijes indeksa (KIP); gingivalnog indeksa; nivoa pripojnog epitela; parodontalnog i plak indeksa. Procena KŽPsOZ-a sprovedena je kroz primenu modifikovanog OHIP-14 instrumenta. Rezultati Vrednost KIP-a ispitivane populacije iznosila je 10,24. Kod studenata iz Istočne i Južne Srbije ove vrednosti su bile nešto manje (KIP = 8,69), kao i kod grupacije fakulteta tehničkih nauka (KIP = 8,84), kod onih čija majka poseduje fakultetsku diplomu (KIP = 9,33), odnosno onih koji svoje OZ-e smatraju zadovoljavajućim (KIP = 8,94). Značajno niža vrednost KŽPsOZ-a uočena je kod studenata sa zadovoljavajućom procenom OZ-a (KIP = 9,48). Procena zdravlja potpornog aparata zuba nije pokazala značajne razlike u vrednostima analiziranih indeksa. Zaključak Vrednost KIP-a u populaciji mladih u Beogradu bila je manja u periodu između 1987. i 2012. godine (sa 12,5 na 10,4). Samoprocena OZ-a značajno korelira sa vrednostima KIP-a i KŽPsOZ-om.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/SGS2101007L
primljen: 10.12.2020.
prihvaćen: 17.02.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.05.2021.
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