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2021, vol. 69, br. 2, str. 371-388
Kriptovalute u islamskom finansijskom sistemu kroz prizmu šerijatskog prava
Džavni univerzitet u Novom Pazaru, Departman za ekonomske nauke

e-adresaalekpek@np.ac.rs
Sažetak
Kreiranjem kriptovaluta otpočela je nova era u evoluciji novca. U kriptovalutnom sistemu države nemaju primat nad monetarnim tokovima već se on nalazi u rukama učesnika u kriptovalutnom sistemu. Time je omogućena "demokratizacija" novca, ali su otvorena i brojna pitanja koja je neophodno razrešiti kako bi se potpuno iskoristio potencijal kriptovaluta. Meću njima se posebno ističu pitanja uključivanja kriptovaluta u monetarnu politiku, računovodstvenog i poreskog tretmana kriptovaluta i sprečavanja potencijalnih zloupotreba. Šerijatski stručnjaci se, pak, bave kriptovalutama sa aspekta njihove šerijatske valjanosti, u vezi sa čime postoje sledbe nici doktrine o šerijatskoj neispravnosti kriptovaluta, s jedne strane, i sledbenici doktrine o šerijatskoj valjanosti kriptovaluta, s druge strane. U ovom radu ćemo analizirati tretman novca u islamskom učenju i praksi, koncepciju kriptovaluta, izazove njihove praktične primene i argumente koje u prilog svom stavu o šerijatskoj (ne)ispravnosti kriptovaluta iznose šerijatski stručnjaci.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
DOI: 10.51204/Anali_PFBU_21204A
primljen: 08.03.2021.
prihvaćen: 08.06.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.06.2021.
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