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2021, vol. 13, br. 2, str. 77-95
Bilateralni trgovinski trendovi i obrasci Bosne i Hercegovine - slučaj trgovine sa Turskom
Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Ekonomski fakultet, Federacija BiH

e-adresasnjezana.brkic@efsa.unsa.ba
Ključne reči: trgovinski obrazac; inter-industrijska trgovinska specijalizacija; intra-industrijska trgovinska specijalizacija; Bosna i Hercegovina; Turska
Sažetak
Trgovinski obrazac zemlje odražava specijalizaciju ponude (izvoza) i potražnje (uvoza), što ukazuje na nacionalne performanse i konkurentnost na stranom, kao i na domaćem tržištu. Uz primjenu dva različita koncepta trgovinske specijalizacije (jednog zasnovanog na tradicionalnoj teoriji komparativnih prednosti i drugog zasnovanog na modernim teorijama međunarodne trgovine), upotpunjenu analizom izvozno-uvoznih tokova i odnosa, rad ima za cilj identifikovanje karakteristika položaja Bosne i Hercegovine (BiH) u njenoj bilateralnoj trgovini. U radu se istraženi trendovi, obrasci i varijacije u trgovini B&H sa Turskom tokom jedanaestogodišnjeg vremenskog perioda (2009-2019.), sa posebnim naglaskom na identifikovanje industrija s otkrivenim komparativnim prednostima i industrija sa dominacijom IIT. U analizi su korišteni različiti pokazatelji kao što su indeksi kompozicije izvoza, sektorske diverzifikacije/koncentracije, intenziteta i strukture IIT, te kvaliteta izvoza i uvoza na osnovu relativnih jediničnih vrijednosti i klasifikacije djelatnosti prema tehnološkom intenzitetu. Rezultati istraživanja ukazali su na nepovoljan položaj BiH u trgovini sa Turskom, bez bitnijih promjena u posmatranom periodu. Permanentno je prisutan trgovinski deficit BiH, uz nisku pokrivenost uvoza izvozom, te pojavu opadajućeg izvoznog trenda. Analiza je utvrdila viši stepen izvozne robne koncentracije prevashodno na proizvode male dodate vrijednosti, te komparativne prednosti BiH u manjem broju industrija, uglavnom resursno zasnovanih ili srednje-tehnološki intenzivnih. Trgovina sa Turskom izrazito je inter-industrijska, posmatrano na agregatnom i industrijskom nivou, što takođe upućuje na nedovoljnu konkurentnost BiH u analiziranim trgovinskim odnosima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/bhekofor2102077B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.05.2021.

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