• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:[1]
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:2
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:0


article: 6 from 71  
Back back to result list
2021, iss. 53, pp. 7-21
Considerations regarding a new settlement typology in Serbia
Institute of Architecture and Regional and Urban Planning of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: settlement typology; Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC); cluster analysis; Serbia
A division between urban and rural settlements/areas has been traditionally applied in statistical reporting worldwide. The reports applying these terms have been used to create and implement development policies and measures. However, international policies such as those featured by the European Union (EU), as well as national policies, also recognize, define and render transitional types of settlements. The Program of Implementation of the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia (2010) called for a new definition of the term "settlement" determined by new criteria for a settlement typology by the end of 2015. Except for theoretical contributions, this task has not been completed yet. At the same time, a trichotomous settlement typology has been recommended to Serbia by the EU as a result of the accession process. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze and discuss a new settlement categorization, taking into account considerations on the number of categories, number of variables, choice of variables and territorial level for data collection. These aspects are empirically tested on a data set collected through the Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) in Serbia. The data are analyzed using two approaches: descriptive and cluster analysis. A parallel with other countries and theoretical recommendations is drawn in the discussion, based on which some recommendations are presented.
*** (2011) Program implementacije Prostornog plana Republike Srbije od 2010. do 2020. godine za period od 2011. do 2015. godine [Program of Implementation of the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia from 2010 to 2020, for the period 2011 to 2015]. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, 102/2011
*** (2016) The Employment and Social Reform Programme in the European Union Accession Process. in: The Employment and Social Reform Programme in the European Union Accession Process, Adopted by the Government of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved from
*** (2011) The New Degree of Urbanization. http://ec.europa. eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Degree_of_urbanisation_ classification_-_2011_revision
*** (2014) Strategija poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja Srbije za period od 2014-2024. godine [Agricultural and Rural Development Strategy for the period 2014-2024]. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, 85/2014
*** (2003) Strategija za smanjenje siromaštva u Srbiji [Poverty Reduction Strategy in Serbia]. Adopted by the Government of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved from
*** (2009-2013) Zakon o poljoprivredi i ruralnom razvoju [The Law on Agricultural and Rural Development]. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, 41/2009, 10/2013, and 101/2016
*** (2010) Zakon o Prostornom planu Republike Srbije od 2010. do 2020. godine [Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia from 2010-2020]. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, 88/2010
Albrecht, W. (2006) Experiences with Grids at Eurostat. in: Nordic Forum for Geostatistics, Kongsvinger, Norway, Kongsvinger, Norway
Baier, E., Kroll, H., Zenker, A. (2013) Templates of smart specialisation: Experiences of place-based regional development strategies in Germany and Austria. Arbeitspapiere Unternehmen und Region, Karlsruhe, No R5/2103, Fraunhofer ISI,
Baiocchi, G., Creutzig, F., Minx, J., Pichler, P.P. (2015) A spatial typology of human settlements and their CO2 emissions in England. Global Environmental Change, 34: 13-21
Bengs, C., Schmidt-Thomé, K. (2005) Urban-rural relations in Europe. in: ESPON 1.1.2 - Final Report, Helsinki: University of Technology-Centre for Urban and Regional Studies
Beyazli, D., Aydemir, S., Öksüz, A.M., Özlü, S. (2017) Rural typology with and inductive approach. International Journal of Environmental Research, 11(2): 225-241
Bogdanov, N., Meredith, D., Efstratoglou, S. (2008) A typology of rural areas in Serbia. Ekonomski anali, vol. 53, br. 177, str. 7-29
Brezzi, M., Dijkstra, L., Ruiz, V. (2011) OECD extended regional typology: The economic performance of remote rural regions. OECD Regional Development Working Papers, Paris, 2011/06, Retrieved from http://dx.doi. org/10.1787/5kg6z83tw7f4-en
Central Europe Cooperation for Success (2012) European Rural Futures: O 3.2.2 Final definition and delineation of rural areas in Central Europe. final_definition_and_delineation_of_rural_areas_in_ceu_121016_onep.pdf
Croatian Bureau of Statistics (2011) Model diferencijacije urbanih, rururlnih i prijelaznih naselja u Republici Hrvarskoj (The Model for the Differentiation of Urban, Rural and Semi-Urban Settlements in the Republic of Croatia). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Cvijić, J. (1905) Naselja i poreklo stanovništva. Srpski geografski zbornik, knjiga 22
Čurović, Ž., Popović, S.G. (2014) Typological classification of settlements in the rural hinterland of the bay of Boka Kotorska. Agriculture & Forestry, 60(4): 275-289
Dossa, L.H., Abdulkadir, A., Amadou, H., Sangare, S., Schlecht, E. (2011) Exploring the diversity of urban and peri-urban agricultural systems in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa: An attempt towards a regional typology. Landscape and Urban Planning, 102(3): 197-206
Drobnjakovic, M., Vuksanovic-Macura, Z., Spalevic, A., Todoric, J. (2017) Researching and Planning the Rural Space: the Work of Branislav Kojic. Zbornik radova, Geografski institut „Jovan Cvijić“, vol. 67, br. 2, str. 195-211
Drobnjaković, M. (2019) Methodology of typological classification in the study of rural settlements in Serbia. Journal of Geographical Institute 'Jovan Cvijić' SASA, 69(2): 157-173
Drobnjaković, M., Pantić, M., Filipović, M. (2014) Regional level in the function of mitigating negative demographic trends in rural areas of Serbia: Case study of the District of Zaječar. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke, br. 148, str. 777-791
Eder, J. (2019) Peripheralization and knowledge bases in Austria: Towards a new regional typology. European Planning Studies, 27(1): 42-67
European Commission (1999) ESDP: European Spatial Development Perspective: Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Union. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
European Commission (2010) Europe 2020: A European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Brussels: European Commission
European Commission (2012) The Common Agricultural Policy: A Partnership between Europe and Farmers. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union
European Conference of Ministers Responsible for Regional Planning (2000) Guiding Principles of Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent. Hanover: Council of Europe
European Spatial Planning Observation Network (2018) ESPON Database Portal.
European Union (2018) Territorial Agenda 2020. in: Agreed at the informal meeting of Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning and Territorial Development and/or Territorial Cohesion, 1 December 2020, Germany, Germany
EUROSTAT (2018) Degree of urbanisation classification: 2011 revision. statistics-explained/index.php?title=Degree_of_urbanisa tion_classification_-_2011_revision
Filip, S., Gavra, A. (2006) Ways of optimising regional planning: Settlement typology. case study: The Baia Mare Depression. Romanian Review of Regional Studies, II(2), pp. 58-63
Gajić, A. (2015) Različiti metodološki pristupi u definisanju ruralnih i urbanih područja. Arhitektura i urbanizam, br. 41, str. 63-67
Gajić, A., Krunić, N., Protić, B. (2018) Towards a new methodological framework for the delimitation of rural and urban areas: A case study of Serbia. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 118(2): 160-172
Gajić, A., Krunić, N., Protić, B. (2021) Classification of Rural Areas in Serbia: Framework and Implications for Spatial Planning. Sustainability, 13, 1596
Gren, Å., Andersson, E. (2018) Being efficient and green by rethinking the urbanrural divide: Combining urban expansion and food production by integrating an ecosystem service perspective into urban planning. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40: 75-82
Isserman, A.M. (2005) In the national interest: Defining rural and urban correctly in research and public policy (USA). International Regional Science Review, 28(4): 465-499
Kojić, B. (1969) Struktura seoskih naselja u Srbiji. Glas SANU, 273, 14, pp. 113-129
Kojić, B., Simonović, Đ. (1975) Seoska naselja Srbije. Beograd: Izdavačko-informativni centar studenata
Laurin, F., Pronovost, S., Carrier, M. (2020) The end of the urban-rural dichotomy?: Towards a new regional typology for SME performance. Journal of Rural Studies, 80: 53-75
Lukić, A. (2012) Mozaik izvan grada - tipologija ruralnih i urbaniziranih naselja Hrvatske. Sociologija i prostor, 50 (2012) 193 (2), pp. 282-284
Lukić, V. (2011) Dnevne migracije radnika u sistemu naselja Srbije. Stanovništvo, vol. 49, br. 2, str. 25-50
Macura, M. (1954) Jedan Nov kriterij za razgraničenje gradskog i seoskog stanovništva. in: Radni dokument II godišnjeg sastanaka Jugoslovenskog statističkog društva, Beograd: Jugoslovensko statističko društvo
Matković, G., Krstić, G., Mijatović, B. (2013) Srbija - prihodi i uslovi života 2013 [Serbia: Income and Life Conditions 2013]. Belgrade: Republički zavod za statistiku
Milošević, M.V., Milivojević, M., Ćalić, J. (2011) Spontaneously abandoned settlements in Serbia: Part 2. Zbornik radova Geografskog instituta 'Jovan Cvijić', SANU, vol. 61, br. 2, str. 25-35
Mitrović, M. (2015) Sela u Srbiji. Beograd: Republički zavod za statistiku Srbije
Nejašmić, I., Mišetić, R. (2010) Sintetični pokazatelj demografskih resursa -doprinos tipologiji hrvatskog prostora. Hrvatski geografski glasnik, 72/1, pp. 49 -62
OECD (2011) OECD Regional Typology. Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development
Pantić, M. (2014) Sustainable Development Perspectives for Mountain Areas of Serbia: Lessons from the European Context. QUCOSA -Quality Content of Saxony, (Doctoral thesis), Retrieved from urn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-144339
Pantić, M. (2016) SILC i tipologija naselja - statistička analiza opravdanosti trihotomne podele naselja. in: Mladenović B. [ed.] Sekundarne analize podataka dobijenih kroz istraživanje anketa o prihodima i uslovima života (SILC), Belgrade: Tim za socijalno uključivanje i smanjenje siromaštva Vlade Republike Srbije
Pantić, M. (2019) Izazovi demografskih promena u planinskim područjima Srbije [Demographic Change Challenges in Serbian Mountain Areas]. Belgrade: IAUS
Pantić, M., Živanović-Miljković, J. (2010) Regional differences between rural areas of Serbia in population aging and agricultural activities: Case studies of the Inđija and Knjaževac municipalities. SPATIUM International Review, br. 22, str. 29-37
Pizzoli, E., Gong, X. (2007) How to Best Classify Rural and Urban?. Rural_and_Urban
Pumain, D. (2004) An evolutionary approach to settlement systems. in: Champion A.E., Hugo G. [ed.] New forms of urbanisation: Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited, pp, 229-246
Pušić, Lj., Pajvančić-Cizelj, A. (2014) Značaj klasifikacija naselja kao osnove za sociološke analize strukturnih promena u savremenim društvima. in: Šljukić S., Ristić D. [ed.] Strukturne promene u savremenim društvima, Novi Sad: Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu, 99-118
Rodrigues, M. (2015) A spatial typology for settlement pattern analysis in small islands. GeoFocus, 15: 3-26
Rudež, Z. (1981) Prilog metodama za utvrđivanje kvaliteta naselja - grafička metoda. Sociologija sela, 19(73/74), pp. 107-118
Sekulić, D. (1984) Kvantitativni aspekti kvalitativne metodologije - tipologije u društvenim znanostima. Revija za sociologiju, 14(3-4), pp. 249-258
Stamenković, S.Đ. (1987) Neki aspekti proučavanja dnevnih migracija stanovništva za potrebe prostornog planiranja. in: Kongres geografa Jugoslavije, (XII), Zbornik radova, Novi Sad, Novi Sad, str. 412-415
Stamenković, S. (2004) Neka aktuelna pitanja prostorne organizacije mreže naselja i relevantni demografski problemi u Srbiji. Demografija, I, pp. 115-132
Stojanović, B. (1990) Prostorno-demografske karakteristike -promene u razmeštaju stanovništva [Spatio-Demographic Characteristics -Changes in Population Distribution]. in: Problemi demografskog razvoja Srbije, Belgrade: Centar za demografska istraživanja-Institut društvenih nauka Univerziteta u Beogradu, 165-173
Svirčić-Gotovac, A. (2006) Kvaliteta stanovanja u mreži naselja Hrvatske. Sociologija sela, 44 (2006) 171 (1), pp. 105-126
van Eupen, M., Metzger, M.J., Pérez-Soba, M., Verburg, P.H., van Doorn, A., Bunce, R.G.H. (2012) A rural typology for strategic European policies. Land Use Policy, 29(3): 473-482
Zhang, X. (1998) On discrimination of rural definitions. Acta Geographica Sinica, 53(4): 365-371
Živanović, Z. (2018) Prilog diskusiji o tipologiji naselja Srbije. Demografija, vol. 15, br. 15, str. 33-49


article language: Serbian, English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/a-u0-31678
received: 15/04/2021
accepted: 15/06/2021
published in SCIndeks: 07/01/2022
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

No related records