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2021, vol. 37, br. 3, str. 171-182
Ekonomski interes farmera u kontroli Dermanyssus gallinae
a"Aves mit" LLC, Bajmok-Subotica
bNaučni institut za veterinarstvo Srbije, Beograd
cInstitute of Economics, Zagreb, Croatia

e-adresadripavlovic58@gmail.com
Sažetak
Tekut ili crvena kokošija grinja Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) je zdravstveno i ekonomski najznačajniji spoljašnji parazit u živinarstvu. Opšte je prihvaćeno mišljenje, da je D. gallinae moguće samo suzbijati, i da je pri tome aktuelni godišnji trošak po nosilji 60 Euro centi. Međutim, istraživanja ukazuju na to da postoje i druge mogućnosti kontrole D. gallinae, te da je iskorenjavanje (eradikacija iz proizvodnih objekata i farmi) moguće, a zatim, i da je moguće sprečiti njihovo naknadno unošenje (reinfestaciju) biosigurnosnim merama. Time se omogućava dugotrajan ili trajan efekat kontrole D. gallinae. Sa ekonomskog aspekta, to znači da nasuprot višedecenijske tendecije povećavanja troškova, farmeri mogu smanjiti, a zatim potpuno isključiti troškove koje im stvara D. gallinae. Prema tome, ekonomski proračun svoje uporište bi trebao da temelji na stručnoj osnovi i sveobuhvatnosti, a stručna osnova bi trebalo da bude zasnovana na racionalnoj kontroli, preventivnoj veterinarskoj medicini, odnosno programskom prilazu kontrole D. gallinae. Na ovaj način stvorile bi se dugoročne uštede. Za deset godina, za svakih 100.000 nosilja ušteda je preko 0,5 miliona eura. Na svetu se procenjuje da je infestirano oko 4 milijardi nosilja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH2103171P
primljen: 21.04.2021.
prihvaćen: 08.06.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.10.2021.
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