Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:12
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:8

Contents

article: 2 from 32  
Back back to result list
2020, vol. 69, iss. 1, pp. 46-55
Impact of the varying intensity light on some morpho-anatomical characteristics and physiological parameters in young plants of Pisum sativum L.
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Republic of Srpska, B&H

emailtanja.maksimovic@pmf.unibl.org
Abstract
In order to determine the extent to which reduced light intensity affects some morpho-anatomical characteristics and physiological parameters in young plants of Pisumsativum L. we compared certain plant parameters grown at full illumination (3200 lux) with plants grown at lower intensity illumination (1700, 1000 and 650 lux) in this research.The ultimate goal is a better understanding of the adaptations of the studied species (variety) to different light treatments. Low light intensity had a negative effect on the anatomical structure of the pea leaves and led to the development of thinner leaves compared to the plants grown at full illumination.The results obtained indicate that the thickness of the epidermis of the face and the back, the leaf thickness, the thickness of palisade tissue and the diameter of the conducting bundles decreased with decreasing illumination, while the thickness of the sponge tissue increased with decreasing illumination. The number of stomata both on the face and on the back of the leaves was lower at lower illumination, with the stomata cells being larger in size. The intensity of transpiration decreased with decreasing illumination, which was correlated with the decrease in the number of stomatal cells. The results show that lower light treatment had an inhibitory effect on the photosynthetic pigment content, which indicates the sensitivity of the studied species and raises the question of the level of adaptation and possible diminished yield of the species studied, if grown under poor light conditions.
References
Akhter, N., Rahman, M.M., Hasanuzzaman, M., Nahar, K. (2009) Physiological response of garden pea (Pisum sativum) growh under different light environment. Botany Research International, 2(4): 304-309
Allard, G., Nelson, C.J., Pallardy, S.G. (1991) Shade effects on growth of tall fescue: I: Leaf anatomy and dry matter partitioning. Crop Science, 31(1): 163-167
Assmann, S.M., Schwartz, A. (1992) Synergistic effect of light and fusicoccin on stomatal opening. Plant Physiology, 98(4): 1349-1355
Barna, M. (2004) Adaptation of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) to different ecological conditions: Leaf size variation. Polish Journal of Ecology, 52: 34-45
Benjamin, J.G., Nielsen, D.C. (2006) Water deficit effects on root distribution of soybean, field pea and chickpea. Field Crops Research, 97(2-3): 248-253
Blaženčić, J. (1994) Praktikum iz anatomije biljaka. Beograd: Naučna knjiga, 21-48
Boardman, N.K. (1977) Comparative photosynthesis of sun and shade plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 28(1): 355-377
Brouwer, B., Ziolkowska, A., Bagard, M., Keech, O., Gardeström, P. (2012) The impact of light intensity on shade-induced leaf senescence. Plant, Cell & Environment, 35(6): 1084-1098
Casson, S., Gray, J.E. (2008) Influence of environmental factors on stomatal development. New Phytologist, 178(1): 9-23
Croft, H., Chen, J. (2017) Leaf pigment content. in: Reference module in earth systems and environmental sciences, Elsevier, Chapter in book, 1-26
Frankiln, K.A. (2008) Shade avoidance. New Phytologist, 179(4): 930-944
Gravano, E., Bussotti, F., Grossoni, P., Tani, C. (1999) Morpho-anatomical and functional modifications in beech leaves on the top ridge of the Apenines (Central Italy). Phyton, Austria, 39, 41-47, Special issue: 'Eurosilva
Hendry, G.A.F., Price, A.H. (1993) Stress indicators: Chlorophylls and carotenoids. in: Hendry G.A.F; Grime J.P. [ed.] Methods in comparative plant ecology, London: Chapman & Hall, 148-152
James, S.A., Bell, D.T. (2000) Influence of light availability on leaf structure and growth of two Eucalyptus globulus ssp. globulus provenances. Tree Physiology, 20(15): 1007-1018
Kull, O., Broadmeadow, M., Kruijt, B., Meir, P. (1999) Light distribution and foliage structure in an oak canopy. Trees, 14(2): 55-64
Larcher, W. (2003) Physiological plant ecology. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag
Lichtenthaler, H.K. (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. in: Methods in enzymology, 148: 350-382, 34
Maksimović, I., Pajević, S. (2002) Praktikum iz fiziologije biljaka. Novi Sad: Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu, 78-81; 127
Marchetti, A., Parmentier, C., Chemardin, M., Dizengremel, P. (1995) Changes in enzyme activities involved in malate metabolism in oak leaves during rhythmic growth. Trees, 9(6): 318-323
Nygren, M., Killomaki, S. (1993) Effect of shading on leaf structure and photosynthesis in young birches. Forest Ecology and Management, 7(2): 119-132
Oguchi, R., Hikosaka, K., Hirose, T. (2005) Leaf anatomy as a constraint for photosynthetic acclimation: Differential responses in leaf anatomy to increasing growth irradiance among three deciduous trees. Plant, Cell and Environment, 28(7): 916-927
Parkhurst, D.F., Loucks, O.L. (1972) Optimal leaf size in relation to environment. Journal of Ecology, 60(2): 505-537
Rahim, M.A., Fordham, R. (1991) Effect of shade on leaf and cell size and number of epidermal cells in garlic (Allium sativum). Annals of Botany, 67(2): 167-171
Reid, P.H., York, E.T. J. (1958) Effect of nutrient deficiencies on growth and fruiting characteristics of peanuts in sand cultures. Agronomy Journal, 50(2): 63-67
Schulze, E.-D., Hall, A.E. (1982) Stomatal responses, water loss and CO2 assimilation rates of plants in contrasting environments. in: Encyclopedia of plant physiology: Physiological plant ecology, II, 12B: 181-230
Terashima, I., Araya, T., Miyazawa, S.-I., Sone, K., Yano, S. (2005) Construction and maintenance of the optimal photosynthetic systems of the leaf, herbaceous plant and tree: An eco-developmental treatise. Annals of Botany, 95(3): 507-519
Yang, X.Y., Ye, X.F., Liu, G.S., Wei, H.Q., Wang, Y. (2007) Effects of light intensity on morphological and physiological characteristics of tobacco seedlings. Chinese Journal Applied Ecology, 18: 2642-2645
Zervoudakis, G., Salahas, G., Kaspiris, G., Konstantopoulou, E. (2012) Influence of light intensity on growth and physiological characteristics of common sage (Salvia officinalis L.). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 55(1): 89-95
Zhang, H., Zhong, H., Wang, J., Sui, X., Xu, N. (2016) Adaptive changes in chlorophyll content and photosynthetic features to low light in Physocarpus amurensis Maxim and Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diablo'. PeerJ, 4
Zhang, S., Ma, K., Chen, L. (2003) Response of photosynthetic plasticity of Paeonia suffruticosa to changed light environments. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 49: 121-133
 

About

article language: English
document type: Original Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ZemBilj2001046M
published in SCIndeks: 26/05/2020
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

Glasnik Šumarskog fakulteta (2014)
Ecophysiological properties of white and Canadian poplar in habitats with various water regimes
Đukić Matilda, et al.

Pesticidi i fitomedicina (2014)
Chlorophyll as a measure of plant health: Agroecological aspects
Pavlović Danijela, et al.