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2016, vol. 31, br. 1-2, str. 59-67
Alelopatska otpornost različitih sorti graška na ekstrakte Sorghum halepense L. (Pers.)
Institute of Forage Crops, Pleven, Bulgaria

e-adresaimnatalia@abv.bg
Sažetak
U laboratorijskom eksperimentu ocenjeno je alelopatsko delovanje ekstrakata Sorghum halepense na klijanje i početni rast šest sorti graška (Pisum sativum subsp. sativum i Pisum sativum subsp. arvense) radi utvrđivanja otpornih sorti. Ispitivane sorte su pokazale različitu osetljivost na alelopatsko delovanje ekstrakata korena i nadzemne biomase S. halepense. Parametri rasta korena (dužina i težina) ispitivanih sorti graška pokazali su veću osetljivost na ekstrakte tog korova nego parametri stabla. Inhibitorno delovanje ekstrakata na dužinu klice P. sativum kretalo se od 1.4% (sorta Mir) do 45.0% (Kamerton), dok je delovanje na težinu klice bilo od 3.5% (Pleven 4) do 42.9% (K-80), a na klijanje semena od 11.8% (Mir) do 31.3% (K-80). Ukupno inhibitorno delovanje, tj. uticaj ekstrakata S. halepense na ispitivane parametre P. sativum, pokazalo je da su sorte Mir i Pleven 4 najotpornije. Uzgajanje tih sorti može umanjiti štete od korova. Nisku otpornost je pokazala sorta K-80, a umerenu Modus, Glyans i Kamerton. Sorte krupnog semena i sa niskim sadržajem proteina bile su pod jačim inhibitornim delovanjem ekstrakata S. halepense.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1602059G
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.06.2016.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0