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2020, vol. 15, br. 47, str. 35-56
Povezanost restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora i digitalnog nasilja u adolescenciji
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresammatovic1992@gmail.com, vzunicpavlovic@gmail.com
Projekat:
Socijalna participacija osoba sa intelektualnom ometenošću (MPNTR - 179017)
Kriminal u Srbiji: fenomenologija, rizici i mogućnost socijalne intervencije (MPNTR - 47011)

Ključne reči: roditeljski nadzor; restriktivna medijacija; vršnjačko nasilje; internet
Sažetak
Savremene studije pokazuju da deca i adolescenti predstavljaju populaciju korisnika koja najviše vremena provodi na internetu, te su znatno više izloženi rizičnim ponašanjima, a najviše digitalnom nasilju. Stoga je cilj u ovom radu utvrđivanje razlika u učestalosti digitalnog nasilja kod adolescenata u zavisnosti od primene restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora. Uzorak istraživanja čini 183 učenika prvog i četvrtog razreda gimnazije koji su odgovarali na pitanja o roditeljskom nadzoru i digitalnom nasilju. Roditeljski nadzor ispitivan je kratkim upitnikom, koji se sastojao iz niza kategoričkih pitanja, dok je za ispitivanje digitalnog nasilja korišćena Skala sajber žrtve i nasilnog ponašanja (Cyber Victim and Bullying Scale). Rezultati ovog istraživanja pokazuju da roditelji neredovno koriste restriktivne strategije u vršenju roditeljskog nadzora nad aktivnostima deteta na internetu. Roditeljski nadzor se najčešće svodi na zabranu dopisivanja sa nepoznatim ljudima (51,9%) i nešto manje na zabranu ostavljanja ličnih podataka (35,5%) i posedovanje šifre od uređaja preko kog dete pristupa internetu (37,2%). Završna analiza pokazala je da ne postoji statistički značajna povezanost restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora sa učinjenim nasiljem na internetu, niti sa doživljenim nasiljem. Kako bi roditeljski nadzor imao značajnu ulogu u prevenciji i redukovanju digitalnog nasilja kod dece adolescentnog uzrasta neophodno je usmeriti roditelje da odluke o pravilima ponašanja na internetu donose u dogovoru sa decom i u skadu sa njihovim aktivnostima i podstaći ih na korišćenje drugih, adekvatnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/cm15-27100
primljen: 05.08.2020.
prihvaćen: 24.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.02.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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