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2020, vol. 68, br. 5-6, str. 416-426
Prepreke s kojima se mala i srednja preduzeća u regionu Zapadnog Balkana suočavaju u pristupanju lancima dobavljača - pristup zasnovan na binarnoj logističkoj regresiji
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Institut 'Mihajlo Pupin', Centar za istrazivanje nauke i tehnologije
Projekat:
The research presented in this paper was funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia

Ključne reči: lanac dobavljača; barijere; Zapadni Balkan; MSP; logistička regresija
Sažetak
Uključivanje malih i srednjih preduzeća (MSP) u lance dobavljača široko se primenjuje kao instrument za što potpuniju internacionalizaciju poslovnih operacija. MSP u regionu Zapadnog Balkana predstavljaju većinu preduzeća koja teže da se što bolje integrišu u evropsko i globalno tržište. Uključivanje MSPu lanac dobavljača omogućava MSP da podignu inovativnost i da bolje posluju, dok velike kompanije takođe nalaze višestruke koristi u uključivanju MSP u svoje lance dobavljača. Odnedavno, veliki lanci dobavljača su uveli novi koncept integrisanja MSP u svoje sisteme, i to kao deo strategije svog društveno odgovornog poslovanja (DOP) i održivosti. U ovom radu posmatramo aktuelno stanje u pristupu lancima dobavljača od strane MSPu tri zemlje koje nisu članice EU, a to su Srbija, Bosna i Hercegovina i Crna Gora, kao i u Hrvatskoj, za sada jedinoj zemlji regiona koja je članica EU. Čini se da se, bez obzira na aktuelni status u pristupanju EU, MSP u sve četiri zemlje suočavaju sa istim barijerama pri uključivanju u lance dobavljača. Stoga, istraživanje ima dva cilja: 1) utvrditi da li i na koji način percepcija važnosti različitih barijera utiče na uključivanje u lance dobavljača, i 2) utvrditi da li kompanije različite veličine na različit način percipiraju važnost pojedinih barijera za uključivanje u lance dobavljača. Rezultati pokazuju da nema značajnih razlika u percepciji važnosti barijera za uključivanje u lance dobavljaca između kompanija različite veličine. Takođe, pokazalo se da dužina u naplati potraživanja i neadekvatne i nepotpune informacije o uslovima učešća negativno utiču na uključivanje MSP u lance dobavljača.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/EKOPRE2006416P
primljen: 10.06.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.11.2020.

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