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2021, vol. 67, iss. 1, pp. 17-26
Measuring and estimating tax elasticity in the Republic of Serbia
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economy, Subotica

emailbranimir.kalas@ef.uns.ac.rs, vera.mirovic@ef.uns.ac.rs, jelenadj@ef.uns.ac.rs
Abstract
The paper analyzes tax elasticity in the Republic of Serbia in terms of tax revenues, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value added tax, social security contributions and excises for the period 2005-2019. Tax elasticity manifest sensitivity of tax forms to a change in the gross domestic product, where results have shown that indirect taxes have higher coefficients of elasticity compared to direct taxes. Results of empirical analysis have manifested that tax revenues are elastic to a change in gross domestic product, where 1% increase in GDP makes to a change of tax revenues for 1.31%. Also, tax elasticity is the highest at corporate income tax, while revenues from value added tax and excises are also elastic in the observed period. On the other hand, personal income tax and social security contributions are inelastic to a change in the gross domestic product in the Republic of Serbia.
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article language: English
document type: Original Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ekonomika2101017K
received: 09/12/2020
accepted: 22/02/2021
published in SCIndeks: 23/04/2021
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