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2021, vol. 70, br. 1, str. 37-53
Računarske igre u predškolskom obrazovanju - potencijalni rizici iz perspektive vaspitača
Univerzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet, Studijska grupa za pedagogiju

e-adresaanastasija.mamutovic@filfak.ni.ac.rs
Sažetak
Savremeno društvo karakteriše ekspanzija naučno-tehnološkog razvoja koja dovodi do promena u koncepciji vaspitno-obrazovnog rada na svim nivoima obrazovanja. Cilj integracije digitalnih dostignuća je modernizacija vaspitno-obrazovnog sistema. Međutim, neretko i najbolje kreirani medijski alati mogu u praksi ispoljiti brojne nedostatke. Samim tim javlja se potreba za empirijskim istraživanjem vaspitno-obrazovne vrednosti digitalnih alata učenja. Imajući u vidu da su pored roditelja vaspitači najznačajniji posrednici između dece i modernih IKT sredstava, cilj realizovanog istraživanja je bio da se utvrde percepcije vaspitača o rizicima i potencijalnim negativnim uticajima računarskih igara na dečji razvoj, ponašanje i učenje. Stavovi vaspitača analizirani su u odnosu na stepen stručne spreme, mesto rada, godine starosti i radnog staža kako bi se ustanovile tendencije koje nastupaju sa promenama u strukturi uzorka istraživanja. U analizi rezultata istraživanja korišćen je kvantitativni pristup, a podaci dobijeni istraživanjem predstavljeni su tabelarnim i grafičkim putem. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da vaspitačice smatraju da preteranu upotrebu računarskih igara u predškolskom uzrastu prati pojava zavisnosti, agresivnih misli, osećanja i neosetljivosti na prizore nasilja u realnom svetu. I pored toga, vaspitačice smatraju da do pojave socijalne izolacije, pasivnosti, ograničavanja dečje kreativnosti i ugroženog fizičkog zdravlja ne mora nužno doći usled preterane upotrebe računarskih igara. Kada su u pitanju statistički značajne razlike u stavovima vaspitača, rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da se s povećanjem godina radnog staža i stepena stručne spreme dominantnijim percipiraju nedostaci u odnosu na benefite upotrebe računarskih igara. Mesto radnog angažovanja vaspitača nije statistički značajno determinisalo njihove stavove o potencijalnim rizicima upotrebe računarskih igara.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/nasvas2101037M
primljen: 25.09.2020.
revidiran: 10.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 11.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.06.2021.
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