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2019, vol. 41, iss. 2, pp. 34-49
Trauma symptoms and personality traits in adolescents with experience of child maltreatment
Clinical Center of Vojvodina, Clinic of Psychiatry, Novi Sad + University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine

emailana-marija.vejnovic@mf.uns.ac.rs
Abstract
Introduction. Child abuse and neglect is a general problem all around the world. It may result in the physical, psychological and social dysfunction of the child and it may cause serious consequences in the adult life. The aim of this study was to examine trauma symptoms and personality traits in adolescents with experiences of child maltreatment. Material and Methods. 60 participants of both genders aged from 12 to 18 years were divided into two groups (group of abused children and adolescents - group A and control group - group C). Five questionnaires were used: General Questionnaire, Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children-Alternative (TSCC-A), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Adolescent Temperament and Character Inventory (ATCI-46). Statistical methods included Student's T-test. Results. In a group of abused children, 46.67% children were neglected, 10% physically abused, 3.33% were emotionally abused, while 40% suffered several types of abuse. In group C, children are significantly more self-directed (p<0.001) and cooperative (p<0.05) in character, and more persistent (p<0.001) than children in group A. Anxiety, depression, anger and post-traumatic stress are more present in group A. Conclusion. Multiple and long-term emotional difficulties in adolescents with experience of childhood abuse point to the specific needs of abused adolescents for psychological and psychiatric support and treatment, in order to prevent and mitigate the consequences later in adulthood.
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article language: English
document type: Original Paper
DOI: 10.5937/engrami1902034V
published in SCIndeks: 15/10/2019