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2016, vol. 64, br. 2, str. 49-78
Pristupanje Evropske unije Evropskoj konvenciji o ljudskim pravima kao vid unapređenja zaštite ljudskih prava u Evropi
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Pravni fakultet

e-adresaikrstic@ius.bg.ac.rs, cuckovic@ius.bg.ac.rs
Ključne reči: EKLjP; SPEU; pristupanje; Bosfor princip; mišljenje 2/13
Sažetak
Rad se bavi značajem pristupanja Evropske unije Evropskoj konvenciji o ljudskim pravima, kao najvažnijem regionalnom instrumentu za zaštitu ljudskih prava. Prikazana je evolucija ideje o pristupanju Evropskoj konvenciji, faze u tom procesu, kao i Nacrt sporazuma koji je pokušao da razreši kompleksna pravna pitanja koja se tiču posebnog pravnog sistema EU. U drugom delu rada je predstavljeno i analizirano Mišljenje 2/13 Suda pravde EU iz decembra 2014. kojim je, praktično, ceo proces pristupanja prekinut. U radu se konstatuje da Evropski sud za ljudska prava trenutno ima samo indirektnu ustavnu kontrolu nad pravnim poretkom EU ispitivanjem akata država članica. Pristupanje EU Evropskoj konvenciji omogućilo bi ispitivanje svih aktivnosti u EU sa stanovišta poštovanja ljudskih prava, pa čak i onih kod kojih Sud pravde EU nema potpunu nadzornu funkciju. U radu se iznosi mišljenje da je zbog uspostavljanja pravne sigurnosti i podvrgavanja kontroli akata institucija EU neophodno pronaći način da se ovaj proces što pre nastavi i okonča. Konstatuje se da postoje dva moguća scenarija: ponovno pregovaranje oko sporazuma o pristupanju ili izmena osnivačkih ugovora. Oba rešenja čine se gotovo nemogućim u stvorenom političkom miljeu. Međutim, ostaje nada da će na nastavak pregovora uticati kako presuda Avotinš protiv Letonije iz maja 2016. u kojoj je Evropski sud potvrdio princip o jednakoj zaštiti iz predmeta Bosfor, ukazujući na značaj očuvanja uzajamnog poverenja dva suda tako i potreba za većim kredibilitetom i jačanjem EU nakon Bregzita.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
DOI: 10.5937/AnaliPFB1602049K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.10.2016.