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2020, vol. 25, br. 50, str. 133-140
The impact of climate change on the corn yield in Serbia
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu, Fakultet za primenjeni menadžment, ekonomiju i finansije, Beograd

e-adresaadriana.radosavac@mef.edu.rs
Sažetak
Cilj rada je da se prikaže uticaj klimatskih faktora na prinos kukuruza u Republici Srbiji. Brojni savremeni izveštaji pokazuju da se klima menja, i da je emisija gasova koji izazivaju efekat staklene bašte jedan od glavnih uzroka promene klime. U tri različite lokacije (Zapadnobački okrug, Šumadijski okrug i Nišavski okrug) su analizirani određeni klimatski uslovi i prinos kukuruza u vremenskom periodu 1991-2011. godina. Za analize je korišćen model višestruke linearne regresije i Pirsonov koeficijent korelacije. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da postoji visok stepen korelacije između parametara klimatskih uslova i variranja prinosa kukuruza. Mala količina padavina i visoke maksimalne vrednosti temperatura u vegetacionom periodu uticale su na smanjenje prinosa, koje je naročito bilo izraženo tokom 2000. i 2007. godine. U odnosu na prosečni prinos u sva tri istraživana okruga, ustanovljen je niži prinos kukuruza i to: u šumadijskom okrugu 48%, u 2000. godini a 52 % u 2007. godini. U zapadnobačkom okrugu, takođe je zabeležen niži 40%, u 2000. godini i 20% u 2007. godini, a u nišavskom okrugu prinos je bio niži 65% u 2000. godini i 49 % u 2007. godini. Postoje višegodišnje varijacije, klimatskih faktora, posebno temperature i padavina, koje utiču na ostvarivanje ekonomske isplativosti gajenja poljoprivrednih biljnih vrsta. Gubici u poljoprivredi mogu biti i veći u uslovima nestabilne klime. Potrebno je preciznije predviđanje klimatskih promena i stvaranje novih hibrida i sorti za gajenje koje će biti adaptivne na promenjene uslove klime. Adaptacije biljaka na promene klimatskih uslova doprineće većoj ekonomičnosti poljoprivredne proizvodnje, i obezbeđenju hrane za populaciju ljudi.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2050133P
primljen: 12.06.2020.
prihvaćen: 19.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.01.2021.
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