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Influence of alcohol drinking forms on development of depression, anxiety and somatic disorder in the area of Krupa na Uni
aDom zdravlja, Krupa na Uni, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
bDom zdravlja, Kraljevo

emailmarijanajandrickocic@gmail.com
Abstract
Introduction: Alcohol consumption can lead to different psychiatric pathologies, both during maintenance of the addictive cycle and after abstinence is established. Objective: The study aimed to examine the existence of a statistically significant association of drinking patterns alcohol with the intensity of anxiety, depression and somatic disorders in alcohol users. Methods: The study was performed as a cross-sectional study at the Health Center Krupa na Uni in the period from 01.10.2018. to 01.06.2019. The sample consisted of 110 randomly selected patients consuming alcohol, 35 (31.8%) women and 75 (68.2%) men, with an average age of 51 ± 1.9 years. The survey used the following questionnaires: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Patient Health Questionnaire, Beck's Depression Inventory. The chi-square test was used in the data analysis. Results: Low-risk drinking was verified in 36 (32.7%) of respondents, high-risk drinking in 50 (45.5%) of them. Harmful drinking was found in 20 (18.2%) of respondents, alcohol abuse in 4 (3.6%) of them. Symptoms of anxiety were 85 (77. 3%) of respondents. The same number of subjects had somatic problems. 66 (60.0%) of the study participants were depressed. There was a statistically significant association of drinking patterns with the intensity of anxiety and depression (p <0.05). In the case of somatic disorders, the same was not verified (p> 0.05) Conclusion: The pattern of drinking alcohol is consistent with the intensity of anxiety disorders. Harmful drinking alcohol results in intense somatic distress, while alcohol abuse is not statistically significantly associated with the same. The intensity of depression is correlated with the pattern of drinking alcohol. The obtained results are in accordance with researchers from other countries.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
DOI: 10.5937/medgla2182015J
published in SCIndeks: 08/10/2021
Creative Commons License 4.0

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