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2019, vol. 34, br. 2, str. 89-96
Toksičnost različitih etarskih ulja za Cryphonectria parasitica (Murr.) Barr, glavnog prouzrokovača raka kore kestena
aInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
bInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr Josif Pančić', Beograd
cInstitut za šumarstvo, Beograd

e-adresaivana.potocnik@pesting.org.rs
Projekat:
Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)

Ključne reči: etarska ulja; rak kore kestena; antifungalno delovanje; biofungicidi
Sažetak
Primenom makrodilucione fumigantne metode ispitana je inhibitorna i fungicidna aktivnost 22 uzorka etarskih ulja iz Nemačke i Albanije za Cryphonectria parasitica (Murr.) Barr, prouzrokovača raka kore kestena. Efikasnost etarskih ulja testirana je na različitim koncentracijama (0,02, 0,04, 0,08, 0,16 i 0,32 μl ml-1 vazdušne faze) i na osnovu njih su određene minimalne inhibitorne i fungicidne koncentracije. Najjače dejstvo ispoljila su dva uzorka etarskog ulja nane i etarsko ulje crnog bora, sa minimalnim inhibitornim i fungicidnim koncentracijama od 0,02 μl ml-1 vazdušne faze za oba testirana izolata (M1 i 4S), zatim etarska ulja eukaliptusa, jele, žalfije i crvene kleke. Samo tri etarska ulja (dva uzorka nane i crni bor) bila su letalna za oba izolata. Etarska ulja žalfije i jele bila su toksičnija za izolat M1, dok su etarska ulja eukaliptusa i crvene kleke bila toksičnija za izolat 4S. Petnaest od 22 ispitivana uzorka etarskih ulja ispoljila su inhibitorni efekat: dva uzorka nane, crvena kleka, eukaliptus, crni bor, lavanda, žalfija, jela, tri uzorka bora, origano i dva uzorka ruzmarina, dok je sedam etarskih ulja ispoljilo i fungicidni efekat (dva uzorka nane, eukaliptus, crni bor, žalfija, jela i crvena kleka).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1902089L
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.01.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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