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2019, vol. 34, br. 1, str. 39-46
Antifungalno delovanje etarskih ulja na Verticillium dahliae Klebahn, prouzrokovača verticilioznog uvenuća paprike
aInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
bInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr Josif Pančić', Beograd

e-adresaivana.potocnik@pesting.org.rs
Ključne reči: etarska ulja; antifungalna aktivnost; Verticillium; paprika
Sažetak
Biofungicidi bazirani na biljnim uljima imaju prednost u odnosu na hemijske fungicide, posebno kada se uzme u obzir njihovo štetno dejstvo na životnu sredinu. Primenom makrodilucione fumigantne metode ispitana je inhibitorna i fungicidna aktivnost 22 etarska ulja iz Nemačke i Albanije na Verticillium dahlia Klebahn, prouzrokovača verticilioznog uvenuća paprike. Efikasnost etarskih ulja testirana je na različitim koncetracijama (0,02; 0,04; 0,08; 0,16 i 0,32 μl ml-1 vazdušne faze) i na osnovu njih su određene minimalne inhibitorne i fungicidne koncetracije. Najjače dejstvo ispoljila su dva uzorka etarskog ulja nane (iz Nemačke i Albanije), oba sa minimalnim inhibitornim i fungicidnim koncetracijama od 0,02 μl ml-1 vazdušne faze, zatim etarska ulja eukaliptusa, crnog bora i crvene kleke. Sva nabrojana ulja bila su letalna za patogenu gljivu. Devet od 22 ispitivana etarska ulja ispoljila su inhibitorni efekat: dva uzorka nane, crvena kleka, eukaliptus, crni bor, lavanda, žalfija i ruzmarin, dok je pet etarskih ulja ispoljilo i fungicidni efekat (dva uzorka nane, eukaliptus, crni bor i crvena kleka). Rezultati ukazuju da su ulja nane, eukaliptusa, crnog bora i crvene kleke pogodna za dalja ispitivanja in vivo testovima protiv prouzrokovača verticilioznog uvenuća paprike (Verticillium dahlia).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1901039L
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 04.07.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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