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2017, vol. 32, br. 2, str. 121-127
Antifungalana aktivnost biljnih etarskih ulja i odabranih sojeva Pseudomonas spp. na Phomopsis theicola
aInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
bInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr Josif Pančić', Beograd
cDepartment of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey
dInstitut za zemljište, Beograd

e-adresaalgoran@sezampro.rs
Projekat:
Razrada integrisanog upravljanja i primene savremenih principa suzbijanja štetnih organizama u zaštiti bilja (MPNTR - 31018)
Novi autohtoni izolati bakterija Lysobacter i Pseudomonas kao važan izvor metabolita korisnih za biotehnologiju, stimulaciju rasta biljaka i kontrolu bolesti bilja: od izolata do preparata (MPNTR - 46007)

Ključne reči: Etarska ulja; Pseudomonas spp; PGPR; Phomopsis theicola; Antifungalna aktivnost
Sažetak
U novije vreme intezivno se radi na razvoju bioloških sredstava za zaštitu bilja, koja bi se uvodila kao zamena za sintetičke fungicide. U ovom radu ispitivan je in vitro antifungalni uticaj nekih etarskih ulja (EU) i odabranih rizobakterija koje stimulišu rast biljaka iz roda Pseudomonas na fitopatogenu gljivu Phomopsis theicola. Minimalne inhibitorne koncentracije (MIC) etarskih ulja su određene mikrodilucionom metodom. Sva primenjena EU su ispoljila značajni antifungalni efekat na ispitivani izolat gljive. EU origana je ispoljilo najnižu MIC od 5.5±0.51 µg/mL, zatim ulje bosiljka od 75.0±5.7 µg/mL, mirte 775±45.0 µg/mL i turske kisele biljke od 7750±4.5 µg/mL. Proučavan je stepen inhibicije porasta micelije Ph. theicola primenom različitih sojeva Pseudomonas spp. sojevi K113 i L1 su ispoljili visoku efikasnost inhibicije od preko 60% primenom dvadesetčetvoročasovnih kultura i preko 57% primenom filtrata supernatanta. U narednim ogledima u polju primenom kulture i supernatanta K113 i L1, koji sadrže ekstracelularne metabolite, proceniće se njihova efikasnost i mogućnost korišćenja kao alternative hemijskim sredstvima u zaštiti jabuke od Ph. theicola.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1702121S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.10.2017.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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