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2014, vol. 34, br. 34, str. 69-80
Hemijski sastav i inhibitorna aktivnost odabranih etarskih ulja na gljive izolovane sa lekovitog bilja
aInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr Josif Pančić', Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Biološki fakultet
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za hemiju, tehnologiju i metalurgiju - IHTM
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za biološka istraživanja 'Siniša Stanković'
Projekat:
Tradicionalni i novi proizvodi od plodova gajenih i samoniklih vrsta voćaka i vinove loze i nus-produkata u preradi, sa posebnim osvrtom na autohtone sorte: hemijska karakterizacija i biološki profil (MPNTR - 46013)
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 17302

Ključne reči: etarska ulja; antifungalna aktivnost; mikrodilucioni metod; fitopatogene isaprofitne gljive; lekovito bilje
Sažetak
Poslednjih godina velika pažnja poklanja se biološkoj kontroli to jest primeni prirodnih produkata u zaštiti, kako poljoprivrednih kultura, tako i lekovitog bilja od kontaminacije fitopatogenim i saprofitnim gljivama. U tom smislu, ispitivan je antifungalni potencijal šest etarskih ulja uz određivanje kompletnog kvalitativnog i kvantitativnog hemijskog sastava primenom GC-FID i GC-MS analiza. Dok se korišćeni uzorci etarskih ulja ruzmarina, žalfije, španske žalfije i crnog bibera isključivo sastoje od monoterpena, u ulju vetivera potpuno dominiraju seskviterpeni. U etarskom ulju cimeta najzastupljenija komponneta je bila (E)- cinemaldehid. Primenom in vitro mikrodilucione metode, utvrđeno je da su sva ulja bila aktivna u inhibiciji rasta 21 testirane, pre- i post-žetvene, fitopatogene i saprofitne gljive, sa razlikama u efikasnosti. MIC i MFC vrednosti su varirale u opsegu od 1,2 mg ml-1 do 22,6 mg ml-1, u zavisnosti od ispitivanog ulja. Najbolja antifungalna aktivnost utvrđena je za ulje ruzmarina, nešto slabija za ulja crnog bibera i cimeta, dok je ulje vetivera ispoljilo najslabiju aktivnost. Etarska ulja obe vrste žalfija ispoljila su značajan antifungalni potencijal. Etarska ulja koja poseduju značajan antifungalni potencijal su dobri kandidati za nastavak istraživanja u pravcu njihove primene u prevenciji i zaštiti useva lekovitog bilja, kao i njihovih semena i osušenih biljnih droga od gljivičnih infekcija, i u polju i u skladištima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/leksir1434069S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.06.2015.

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