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Morfološke karakteristike ritmičkih gimnastičarki - uticaj dužine sportskog staža
Univerzitet u Nišu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresatijana_purenovic@yahoo.co.uk
Projekat:
Biomehanička efikasnost vrhunskih srpskih sportista (MPNTR - 179019)

Sažetak
U sportovima koji pripadaju grupi estetskih sportova, kao što je ritmička gimnastika, uspeh veoma zavisi od vizuelnog izgleda i estetike tela, a jedan od glavnih razloga za to je što veličina tela, telesna građa i telesni sastav utiču na izvođenje. Takođe, dobro je poznata činjenica da svaki sport ima svoj (poželjan) morfološki prototip, koji može biti pod uticajem sportskog staža. Cilj istraživanja je da se ispita uticaj dužine sportskog staža (2.68±1.7 godine) na antropometrijske karakteristike, telesni sastav i na komponente somatotipa, kod 83 srpske ritmičke gimnastičarke, uzrasta 6 do 17 godina (9.89±2.19 godina). Antropometrijske varijable podrazumevaju telesnu visinu, izabrane transverzalne, longitudinalne i cirkularne dimenzije, kao i kožne nabore; zatim parametre telesnog sastava (telesna težina, BMI, procenat telesnih masti i skeletnih mišića), i Heath-Carter-ov antropometrijski somatotip (endomorfna, mezomorfna i ektomorfna komponenta). Svi antropometrijski podaci prikupljeni su pomoću digitalnog programa ImageJ (prema IBP), a telesni sastav je utvrđen pomoću uređaja za bioimpedancu (Omron BF511). ANOVA, praćena Tukey post hoc HSD testom, ukazala je na statistički značajne razlike među ritmičarkama različitog sportskog staža (u pojedinim parametrima), a regresiona analiza je utvrdila statistički značajan uticaj sportskog staža samo kod juniorki (širina karlice i dijametar ručnog zgloba, p<0.05).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.02.2014.

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