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2015, vol. 52, br. 1, str. 29-38
Biodiverzitet i osnovni aspekti njegovog održanja
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresaaleksandar.mikic@nsseme.com
Sažetak
Biodiverzitet, ili raznolikost u biljnim resursima u poljoprivredi, je biološka osnova obezbeđenja sveta hranom, direktno ili indirektno. Biodiverzitet podrazumeva diverzitet genetičkog materijala sadržanog u tradi-cionalnim i u novostvorenim savremenim genotipovima. Pomenuti resursi mogu biti osnova za stvaranje novih sorti kroz proces konvencionalnog ukrštanja ili primenom biotehnologije. Biljni resursi podrazumevaju i divlje srodnike i druge divlje biljne vrste koje mogu da se koriste kao izvor energije, u farmaceutske svrhe, kao izvor poželjnih gena. Bez obzira za koju svrhu i koja tehnologija se koristi genetički materijal je rezervoar genetičke adaptabilnosti koji može da se pokaže kao pufer protiv potencijalno štetnih spoljašnjih ili ekonomskih promena. Erozija biljnih resursa može da ima ozbiljan i dugoročan uticaj na snabdevanje hranom.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov51-6664
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 03.04.2015.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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