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2015, vol. 65, iss. 2, pp. 29-34
The impact of climate change on plant pollination
Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
This paper provides an overview of the published papers and data on climate change and its impact on pollinating insect. Climate changes over the last hundred years already have obvious consequences on biological systems. Pollinators such as insects, birds and bats are responsible for about 35% of world food production. Insects are the most important group of pollinators, since their share in the pollination is over 80%. In addition to its importance in the maintaining of natural ecosystems, cross-pollination is very important in agriculture in terms of higher agricultural output of a better quality. Many experiments have shown that the changes in climatic factors, primarily the increase in air temperature, have an effect on plants and pollinators, as well as on their interaction. Climate change may cause changes in the growing, flowering and maturing seasons of plants, with the consequences on the organisms that are associated with them. In order to achieve successful pollination, biological cycles such as hatching and foraging in insects on the one hand, and the flowering of certain plants on the other hand, should coincide. Changes in temperature, disrupted periods of percipitation and other changes that occur throughout the season might affect the biological cycles, behavior, population density, diversity and foraging of pollinating insects, as well as the cycles in plants.


article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 16/03/2016

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