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2020, vol. 75, br. 2, str. 238-244
Primena Pareto analize u istraživanju bezbednosnih aspekata rada dizalica
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Mašinski fakultet, Inovacioni centar
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Mašinski fakultet

e-adresaabrkic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
E!13300

Ključne reči: akcident; dizalice; Pareto analiza; povreda; smrtni ishod; uzrok
Sažetak
Prethodna istraživanja ukazuju na nedovoljnu istraženost bezbednosnih aspekata rada dizalica. Stoga, prvi cilj ovog istraživanja čine prikupljanje i analiza podataka o akcidentima uzrokovanim radom dizalica, koji su se dogodili u periodu 1985-2018. godine u 71 državi, sa ciljem utvrđivanja učestanosti povreda na radu i smrtnih ishoda u svakoj zemlji pojedinačno i izdvajanja onih sa najvećim brojem akcidenata, koji rezultuju jednim od dva navedena ishoda, primenom Pareto analize. Drugi cilj rada je identifikovanje najznačajnijih grupa uzroka akcidenata na osnovama podataka prikupljenih iz većeg broja literaturnih izvora, takođe, primenom Pareto analize. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, evidentno je da su Španija i Nemačka države u kojima je zastupljena skoro polovina povreda u kranskim nezgodama. Istraživanje je takođe pokazalo da se u svega 6 zemalja sveta (Španija, Nemačka, Francuska, Italija, Japan i Meksiko) događa 80% povreda. Takođe, Pareto analiza pokazuje da se 80% akcidenata koji rezultuju smrtnim ishodom događa u sledećim državama: Rumuniji, Kini, Turskoj, Bugarskoj, Poljskoj, Izraelu, Hrvatskoj i Španiji. Kao glavni uzroci nesreća u kojima učestvuju dizalice Pareto analizom su prepoznati mašinska oprema (uključujući konstrukciju), neadekvatna upotreba, montaža/demontaža i transport dizalice, jer je 80% akcidenata je posledica navedenih uzroka. Predlog daljih istraživanja je detaljna analiza uloge ljudskog faktora u dominantnim uzrocima nesreća.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: prethodno saopštenje
DOI: 10.5937/tehnika2002238B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.04.2020.
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