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2020, vol. 59, iss. 4, pp. 104-107
Neurotoxocariasis: Correlation of clinical symptoms and radiographic imaging: A case report
aClinical Centre Niš, Clinic of Neurology + Univeristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine
bClinical Centre Niš, Clinic of Neurology + Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakutlet, Katedra Neurologija, Niš
cUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine
Keywords: toxocariasis; central nervous system; neurotoxocariasis
Human toxocariasis is a parasitic infection caused by the roundworms Toxocara canis or Toxocara CATI. Toxocara larvae can cross the blood-brain barrier leading to the neurotoxocariasis. Involvement of the central nervous system is extremely rare. The clinical presentation consists of a wide spectrum of neurological manifestation. Here we present a case of a 63-year-old woman with a rapidly progressive form of neurotoxocariasis. Her initial head computed tomography scan showed multiple hypervascular lesions in her brain and a contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging scan showed multiple T1W and T2W enhancing lesions in basal ganglia and cerebellum. Thereafter, in further processing, serological tests showed the presence of higher titer of anti-Toxocara antibody in the serum, as well as the presence of eosinophilia in the serum or cerebrospinal fluid. This case highlights an unusual case of neurotoxocariasis in the nonendemic area, in a patient who was not immunocompromised, who was diagnosed with serological tests and reviews of the relevant radiological findings.
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article language: English
document type: Case Report
DOI: 10.5633/amm.2020.0414
published in SCIndeks: 05/02/2021
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0

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