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2011, vol. 68, iss. 7, pp. 539-543
Impact of oxygen toxic action on the erythrocyte membrane and possibility of estimating central nervous system function disturbances
aZavod za transfuziju krvi Vojvodine, Novi Sad
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of veterinary medicine
Background/Aim. Prolonged exposure to hyperbaric oxygen leads to changes of erythrocytes shape as a consequence of toxic effects of oxygen on the erythrocyte membrane. The aim of this study was to examine the association between occurance of pathological forms of erythrocytes at different time from the start of hyperbaric oxygenation and the moment of convulsions occurrence, an interrelationship of different pathological forms of erythrocytes during exposure to hyperbaric oxygenation, as well as the correlation between the presence of ruptured erythrocytes and function of central nervous system (CNS) after completion of hyperbaric treatment. Methods. Sixty laboratory mice, Mus musculus, were exposed to the wholly-oxygen pressure of 3.5 absolute atmospheres (ATA). Blood was collected at the 32nd, 34th, 36th, 38th and 40th minutes after the exposure to oxygen. Pathological forms of erythrocytes were examined by electron microscopy. A moment of convulsions occurrence was registered in all animals. After decompression neurological examinations of experimental animals were perfomed. The Pearson's coefficient of correlation, and linear regression equations for the parameters outlined in the aim of the study were calculated. Results. Hyperbaric oxygen caused damages of erythrocytes at the 34th minute after beginning of the treatment. Various forms of abnormal red blood cells occured, and immediately before the occurrence of irreversible changes (erythrocyte membrane rupture) echinocyte shape was dominated. A significant correlation between the number of damaged red blood cells at 34th minute and their number at the 36th, 38th and 40th minute was found. Convulsions were diagnosed significantly earlier in mice with a greater number of damaged red blood cells (p < 0.01). There was a negative correlation between the number of irreversiblly damaged red blood cells (ruptured) at the 40th minute and neurological score in the studied animals (p < 0.05). Conclusion. The analysis of altered erythrocytes during hyperbaric oxygenation could predict a moment of seizures occurrence, and therefore the duration of the therapy with hyperbaric oxygen. Ehinocytes indicate impending rupture of red blood cells and a possible occurrence of seizures. An increased number of ruptured red blood cells may also even indicate the potential burden of CNS after cessation of hyperbaric oxygenation.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Paper
DOI: 10.2298/VSP1107539B
published in SCIndeks: 19/07/2011
peer review method: double-blind