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2021, vol. 78, br. 2, str. 171-178
Dentalno zdravlje kod dece sa dijabetesom melitusom tipa I u Crnoj Gori
aUniversity of Montenegro, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dentistry, Podgorica, Montenegro
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet, Klinika za dečiju i preventivnu stomatologiju

e-adresamiradjurickovic@gmail.com
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Broj dece sa dijabetes melitusom u stalnom je porastu. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi stanje dentalnog zdravlja kod dece obolele od dijabetes melitusa tip I (T1DM) u odnosu na zdravu decu. Metode. Studijom je bilo obuhvaćeno 177 pacijenata uzrasta 10-15 godina, podeljenih u dve grupe. Grupu T1DM činila su deca obolela od T1DM. Zdrava deca činila su kontrolnu grupu. Stanje zdravlja zuba ocenjeno je pomoću indeksa karioznih, ekstrahovanih i plombiranih (KEP) zuba. Za utvrđivanje oralne higijene primenjivan je Plak indeks (PI) po Silness-Löe i Indeks zubnog kamenca po Green-u (CI). Salivarni status je podrazumevao određivanje količine izlučene stimulisane pljuvačke i puferski kapacitet istog pacijenta. Rezultati. Nije bilo statistički značajnih razlika između obolele i zdrave dece u prosečnim vrednostima indeksa KEP stalnih zuba. Uočena je značajna razlika u vrednostima PI između grupe T1DM (1,29 ± 0,56) i kontrolne grupe (1,01 ± 0,50), (p = 0,001), kao i značajna razlika u vrednostima CI između grupe T1DM (0,09 ± 0,23) i kontrolne grupe (0,03 ± 0,14), (p = 0,047). Prosečna količina izlučene stimulisane pljuvačke kod obolele dece bila je značajno niža i iznosila je 0,99 ± 0,14 mL/min, u odnosu na zdravu decu, kod koje bila 1,06 ± 0,20 mL/min (p = 0,02). Zaključak. Deca obolela od T1DM u Crnoj Gori nemaju više obolelih zuba, ali imaju više dentalnog plaka, zubnog kamenca i manji protok pljuvačke u odnosu na decu iz kontrolne grupe. Takođe, naši rezultati ukazuju na nepostojanje preventivnih mera i programa u očuvanju zdravlja zuba u Crnoj Gori.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP181202050D
primljen: 02.12.2018.
revidiran: 03.04.2019.
prihvaćen: 17.04.2019.
objavljen onlajn: 18.04.2019.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.03.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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