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2021, vol. 54, br. 2, str. 123-135
Važnost jezika za Teoriju uma kod dece - poređenje verbalnih i neverbalnih zadataka Teorije uma
aUniverzitet u Zagrebu, Fakultet za pedagoške i rehabilitacione nauke, Odsek za patologiju govora i jezika, Zagreb, Hrvatska
bUniverzitet u Ljubljani, Fakultet umetnosti, Odsek za psihologiju, Ljubljana, Slovenija

e-adresas.simlesa@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Teorija uma; jezik; deca
Sažetak
Sposobnost atribucije mentalnih stanja sebi i drugima, poznatija kao Teorija uma (TU) je široko ispitivana poslednjih četrdeset godina, a ispitivane su i njene relacije sa razumevanjem jezika. Međutim, u najvećem broju istraživanja veze TU i jezika korišćeni su samo verbalni zadaci za procenu razumevanja pogrešnih uverenja kao mere TU. Shodno tome, cilj ovog istraživanja je da ispita relacije između TU i jezika korišćenjem veće baterije mera TU sa različitim jezičkim zahtevima. Procenjeno je 203 dece tipičnog razvoja, uzrasta između 46 i 68 meseci sa prosečnim neverbalnim kognitivnim sposobnostima pomoću zadataka razumevanja jezika i zadataka za procenu TU. Aspekt jezika je procenjen Rejnelovim razvojnim skalama jezika (eng. the Reynell Developmental Language Scales (Language Comprehension scale A). Verbalni i neverbalni zadaci za procenu TU su uzeti iz TU suptesta NEPSY-II. Rezultati su ukazali na značajnu korelaciju između razumevanja jezika i verbalnih i neverbalnih mera TU. Hijerahijska regresija je pokazala da je razumevanje jezika značajan prediktor dečijeg postignuća kako na verbalnim, tako i na neverbalnim TU zadacima. Preciznije, razumevanje jezika je imalo efekat na TU bez obzira na jezičke zahteve zadataka TU. Međutim, razumevanje jezika je bilo snažniji prediktor postignuća na verbalnim nego na neverbalnim zadacima TU. Rezultati govore u prilog shvatanja da je veza TU i jezika fundamentalna i da nadilazi karakteristike specifičnih zadataka.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PSI190924023S
primljen: 24.09.2019.
revidiran: 26.04.2020.
prihvaćen: 03.08.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.04.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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