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2020, vol. 52, br. 1-2, str. 99-111
COVID-19 pandemija - uticaj na decu i mlade
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresaroberto.grujicic@imh.org.rs
Ključne reči: COVID-19; deca; adolescent; preporuke
Sažetak
Proglašenje pandemije Korona virusne bolesti 2019 (COVID-19) dovelo je do velikih promena u svakodnevnici ljudi koji žive u pogođenim zemljama. Naime, u većini zemalja došlo je do proglašenja vanrednog stanja koje je obuhvatalo ograničenje kretanja, zabranu putovanja i sprovođenje striktinih preventivnih mera (izolacija, socijalno distanciranje, nošenje zaštitne opreme). Usled suočavanja sa do sada nepoznatim virusom, dolazi i do preplavljivanja različitim, često oprečnim i nekonzistentnim informacijama. Sve ove novonastale promene dovele su do značajnih promena u životima ljudi i dece koje su se u velikoj meri odražavaju na njihovo telesno i psihičko zdravlje. Deca predstavljaju posebno vulnerabilnu populaciju u kriznim situacijama. Iako dosadašnja istraživanja pokazuju da deca i mladi ispoljavaju klinički značajno blaže oblike COVID19 u odnosu na odrasle, njihova vulnerabilnost se ogleda u većoj podložnosti da razviju ozbiljne psihičke posledice. Psihičke tegobe dece se najčešće razvijaju usled nemogućnosti adekvatnog razumevanja novonastale situacije, straha, odvojenosti od vršnjaka, izmena psihičkog stanja roditelja i veće podložnosti zlostavljanju i zanemarivanju. Takođe, sistematske promene u državi (zatvaranja vaspitnih i obrazovnih ustanova, smanjen obim rada ili zatvaranje zdravstvenih ustanova ili ustanova podrške i pomoći deci i ugroženim prorodicama) doprinose otežanom savladavanju pandemije. Ovo se posebno odnosi na decu sa već postojećim psihičkim smetnjama, neurorazvojnim poteškoćama i decu iz ugroženih i manjinskih grupa koja zahtevaju veću brigu i usluge različitih sistema podrške. Kako bi se izbegle štetne posledice po zdravlje dece, predstavićemo preporuke fokusirane na decu i roditelje koje su namenjene lakšem savladavanju kriznih situacija poput aktuelne pandemije.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
DOI: 10.5937/PsihDan2001099G
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.03.2021.
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