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2020, vol. 19, br. 3, str. 195-210
Empatija i sistematičnost kod dece predškolskog uzrasta
ŠOSO "Veselin Nikolić", Kruševac

e-adresamarinajankovic90@hotmail.com
Ključne reči: empatisanje; sistematizovanje; deca
Sažetak
Uvod: Teorija empatičnosti i sistematičnosti posmatra empatičnost i sistematičnost kao dve nezavisne dimenzije, čijim se ukrštanjem može dobiti pet kognitivnih profla ili "tipova mozga". Cilj: Cilj ovog istraživanja je da se kod dece predškolskog uzrasta sagleda odnos između sposobnosti empatisanja i sistematizovanja, kao i polne razlike u navedenim sposobnostima i tipovima mozga koji se određuju na osnovu tih sposobnosti. Metode: Istraživanjem je obuhvaćen 71 ispitanik uzrasta od pet godina i šest meseci do sedam godina. Empatičnost i sistematičnost procenjeni su korišćenjem dečjih verzija skala za procenu koefcijenta empatičnosti i koefcijenta sistematičnosti (Children's versions of the Empathy Quotient - EQ-C and Systemizing Quotient - SQ-C, Auyeung et al., 2009). Rezultati: Prema dobijenim rezultatima empatičnost i sistematičnost bile su umereno povezane: ispitanici s višim koefcijentom empatičnosti imali su i viši koefcijent sistematičnosti. Dečaci i devojčice nisu se razlikovali u procenjenim sposobnostima. Jedini izuzetak predstavlja razlika u skoru dobijena oduzimanjem koefcijenta sistematičnosti i empatičnosti. Kod devojčica je, u proseku, empatičnost bila bolje razvijena od sistematičnosti, dok je kod dečaka uočen obrnut obrazac. Nije bilo polnih razlika u distribuciji kognitivnih profla (tzv. tipova mozga) dobijenih na osnovu pomenute razlike između sistematičnosti i empatičnosti. Zaključak: Rezultati našeg istraživanja mogu poslužiti kao osnova za poređenje nekim budućim istraživanjima koja bi obuhvatila decu tipičnog i atipičnog razvoja.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/specedreh19-29169
primljen: 31.10.2020.
prihvaćen: 27.11.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.12.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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