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2020, vol. 2, br. 2, str. 11-24
Istraživanje stavova građana o pripremljenosti za katastrofe izazvane šumskim požarima - studija slučaja Prijepolje
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet bezbednosti
bNaučno-stručno društvo za upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama, Beograd

e-adresavmc@fb.bg.ac.rs
Sažetak
Polazeći od ozbiljnosti šumskih požara i činjenice da oko jednu trećinu teritorije Polimlja čine šume i da su šumski požari relativno česta pojava u Prijepolju, predmet istraživanja predstavlja ispitivanje činioca uticaja određenih nezavisnih promenljivih (pol, bračni status, starost, obrazovanje itd) na različite dimenzije pripremljenosti za katastrofu uzrokovanu šumskim požarima. Višeetapnim slučajnim uzorkovanjem, polazeći od teorije planiranog ponašanja, sprovedeno je anketno ispitivanje na teritoriji 15 naselja opštine Prijepolja i, tom prilikom, uzorkom je obuhvaćeno 197 ispitanika. Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na nizak nivo pripremljenosti kod stanovnika Prijepolja (građani, uglavnom, veruju da ne poseduju neophodno znanje za reagovanje u katastrofama uzrokovanim šumskim požarima, pretežno nisu zainteresovani za pohađanje obuke, ne poseduju planove i opremu za reagovanje i većina ne smatra da im preti opasnost od šumskih požara). Takođe, nedvosmisleno su utvrđeni i uticaji određenih faktora na stavove o pripremljenosti. Naučni značaj istraživanja ogleda se u stvaranju preduslova za unapređenje empirijskog fonda saznanja iz oblasti upravljanja rizicima od katastrofa, dok se praktični značaj ogleda u stvaranju preduslova za unapređenje bezbednosti građana od šumskih požara.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zurbezkrim2002011C
primljen: 03.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 28.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.05.2021.