Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:22
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:18

Sadržaj

članak: 6 od 68  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 54, br. 4, str. 1210-1259
Kulturno nasleđe - pravo, identitet i dostojanstvo - pravo na pristup kulturnom nasleđu i na uživanje kulturnog nasleđa kao ljudsko pravo
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Pravni fakultet, Katedra za međunarodno pravo i međunarodne odnose, Beograd

e-adresabranko@ius.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ovaj rad je prilog projektu: Identitetski preobražaj Srbije, za 2020. godinu, koji se sprovodi od strane Pravnog fakulteta Univerziteta u Beogradu

Sažetak
U međunarodnom pravu ljudskih prava uspostavljenom nakon Drugog svetskog rata, kao jedno od kulturnih prava, tradicionalno najzapostavljenije od pet kategorija ljudskih prava (građanska, politička, ekonomska, socijalna i kulturna prava), figurira i pravo na učešće u kulturnom životu, a njegov segment po prirodi stvari je i pravo na pristup kulturnom nasleđu i uživanje kulturnog nasleđa. Iako je međunarodnom pravu ljudskih prava tako uspostavljen osnov za tretiranje prava na pristup kulturnom nasleđu i uživanje kulturnog nasleđa kao ljudskog prava, u međunarodnopravnim aktima koji se bave pitanjem zaštite kulturnog nasleđa dugo je preovladavao pristup kod koga su kulturna dobra štićena zbog njihove inherentne vrednosti. Tek je od nedavno, i to sa pojavom potrebe i interesovanja da se očuva kulturna raznovrsnost i da se štiti nematerijalno kulturno nasleđe, počela da se naglašava veza, pa i pravna veza, između kulturnog nasleđa i ljudskih zajednica, grupa i pojedinaca sa posebnim subjektivnim odnosom prema njemu. Tako se postepeno uspostavlja na ljudskim pravima zasnovan sistem zaštite kulturnog nasleđa i dolazi do približavanja onog segmenta međunarodnog prava koji se bavi ljudskim pravima sa onim segmentom koji se bavi kulturnim nasleđem. Da bi se neko pravo smatralo ljudskim pravom, pored volje kreatora prava da tako bude, neophodno je i postojanje određenih vrednosti koje predstavljaju osnov za to i koje bi trebalo da se štite kroz zaštitu tog ljudskog prava. Iz niza međunarodnopravnih akata proističe a u teoriji je široko rasprostranjeno shvatanje da, kada se radi o kulturnim pravima, uključujući i pravo na pristup kulturnom nasleđu i uživanje kulturnog nasleđa, takav osnov predstavljaju identitet, pre svega kulturni identitet, i ljudsko dostojanstvo. Iako je, dakle, postavljen osnov da se pravo na pristup kulturnom nasleđu i uživanje kulturnog nasleđa tretira kao ljudsko pravo, neophodno je da se razjasni i na pravnom planu razradi niz pitanja koja bi trebalo da omoguće efektivno uživanje navedenog prava. Taj zadatak je u rukama država, bilo kao učesnicima u usvajanju akata međunarodnog prava bilo kao kreatorima nacionalnog prava, pa ostaje otvoreno pitanje kakav će biti njihov stav prema daljem razvoju na ljudskim pravima zasnovanog sistema zaštite kulturnog nasleđa.
Reference
*** (1981) African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights / Afrička Povelja o ljudskim pravima i pravima naroda. https://www.achpr.org/legalinstruments/detail?id=49
*** (2000) ASEAN Declaration on Cultural Heritage. Available at http://arc-agreement.asean.org/file/doc/2015/02/asean-declaration-on-cultural-heritage.pdf
*** (2006) Charter for African Cultural Renaissance. Available at: https://au.int/en/treaties/charter-african-cultural-renaissance
*** (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. u: General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization meeting in Paris from 17 October to 21 November 1972, at its seventeenth session, Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext
*** (2003) Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Available at: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=17716&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
*** (1975) Final Act of the the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, adopted in Helsinki on 1 August 1975. Available at: https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/5/c/39501.pdf
*** (1966) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966 entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 49. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/ccpr.aspx
*** (1966) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966, entry into force 3 January 1976, in accordance with art. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cescr.aspx
*** (1965) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965), adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX) of 21 December 1965 entry into force 4 January 1969, in accordance wi. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cerd.aspx
*** (1990) International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (1990), adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/158 of 18 December 1990. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cmw.aspx
*** (1989) Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore. Available at: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13141&URL_DO=DO_TOP-IC&URL_SECTION=201.html
*** (1979) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 34/180 of 18 December 1979 entry into force 3 September 1981, in accordance. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/documents/professionalinterest/cedaw.pdf
*** (1989) Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx
*** (1948) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), Proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December: General Assembly resolution 217 A (III). Available at: https://www.un.org/en/udhrbook/pdf/udhr_booklet_en_web.pdf
Beitz, C.R. (2013) Human Dignity in the Theory of Human Rights: Nothing But a Phrase?. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 41(3): 259-290
Blake, J. (2015) International Cultural Heritage Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (2009) General comment No. 21: Right of everyone to take part in cultural life (art. 15, para. 1 (a), of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). u: Forty-third session held on 2-20 November 2009, Document E/C.12/GC/21, adopted at Available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/4ed35bae2.html
Council of Europe (2005) The framework convention on the value of cultural heritage for society (Faro Convention). https://rm.coe.int/1680083746, retrieved July 11, 2019
Donders, Y. (2020) Cultural Heritage and Human Rights. u: Francioni F., Vrdoljak A.F. [ur.] The Oxford Handbook of International Cultural Heritage Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 379-406
Ekern, S., Logan, W., Sauge, B., Sinding-Larsen, A. (2012) Human rights and World Heritage: Preserving our common dignity through rights-based approaches to site management. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 18(3): May, 213-225
Gordon, J.S. (2015) Human Rights and Cultural Identity. Baltic Journal of Law & Politics, 8(2): 112-135
Human Rights Council (HRC) (2011) Report of the independent expert in the field of cultural rights Farida Shaheed. March 21 st), A/HRC/17/38. Available at: https://www.rightdocs.org/doc/a-hrc-17-38
Human Rights Council (HRC) (2010) Report of the independent expert in the field of cultural rights, Ms. Farida Shaheed. March 22 nd, A/HRC/14/36. Available at: https://caselaw.ihrda.org/doc/a-hrc-14-36
Human Rights Council (2016) Report of the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, Karima Bennoune. (3 February), A/HRC/31/59. Available at: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/831612
Leuprecht, P. (2006) The Difficult Acceptance of Diversity. Vermont Law Review, Volume 30, Book 3, 551-564
Logan, W.S. (2007) Closing Pandora's Box: Human Rights Conundrums in Cultural Heritage Protection. u: Silverman H., Fairchild Ruggles D. [ur.] Cultural Heritage and Human Rights, New York: Springer, 33-52
Logan, W. (2012) Cultural diversity, cultural heritage and human rights: Towards heritage management as human rights-based cultural practice. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 18(3): 231-244
Marković, S., Protić, E. (2012) Construction of a hydroelectric power plant on Moravica in the light of archival material. Izvornik - građa Međuopštinskog istorijskog arhiva Čačak, no. 27. [In Serbian]
Mccrudden, Ch. (2008) Human dignity and judicial interpretation of human rights. European Journal of International Law, Vol. 19 no. 4, 655-724
Pacific Forum (2002) Model Law for the Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Expressions of Culture. Available at https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/spc/spc002en.pdf
Shelton, D. (2016) Preface: On Identity. George Washington International Law Review, Volume 49, Number 1, 1-18
Silverman, H., Fairchild, R.D. (2007) Cultural Heritage and Human Rights. u: Silverman H., Fairchild Ruggles D. [ur.] Cultural Heritage and Human Rights, New York: Springer, 3-22
Steinmann, R. (2016) The Core Meaning of Human Dignity. PER / PELJ, (19), 1-32
UN, General Assembly (1986) Setting International Standard in the Field of Human Rights. Resolution 41/120, (4 December). Available at: https://digitallibrary.un.org/ record/126473
UN, General Assembly (1993) Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. u: World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 14-25 June, UN Doc A/CONF 157/24. Available at: https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/generalassembly/docs/globalcompact/A_CONF.157_24.pdf
UNESCO (2005) Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005), adopted in Paris, 20 October 2005. u: The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization meeting held in Paris from 3 to 21 October 2005 at its 33rd session, Available at: https://en.unesco.org/creativity/sites/creativity/files/passeport-convention2005-web2.pdf
UNESCO (2003) Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage. Available at: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=17718&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
UNESCO (1966) Declaration of Principles of International Cultural Co-operation (1966), adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization meeting in Paris at its fourteenth session, on 4 November 1966. Available at: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13147&URL_DO=DO_TOP-IC&URL_SECTION=201.html
UNESCO (2001) Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity. Available at: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13179&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
United Nations (2006) Convention on the rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Available at: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-personswith-disabilities.html
United Nations Human Rights Council (2016) Resolution 33/20 on cultural rights and the protection of cultural heritage. (30th September). A/HRC/RES/33/20. Available at: https://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/33/20
United Nations Human Rights Council (2018) Resolution 37/30 on cultural rights and the protection of cultural heritage. (22nd March). A/HRC/RES/37/17. Available at: https://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/37/17
Valentini, L. (2017) Dignity and Human Rights: A Reconceptualisation. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 37(4): 862-885
World Heritage Committee (2008) Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. January, WHC. 08/01 Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/archive/opguide08-en.pdf
World Heritage Committee (2007) Proposal for a 'Fifth C' to be added to the Strategic Objectives. u: Thirty first Session, WHC-07/31.COM/13B. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/archive/2007/whc07-31com-13be.pdf
Yupsanis, A. (2010) The Concept and Categories of Cultural Rights in International Law: Their Broad Sense and the Relevant Clauses of the International Human Rights Treaties. Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce, Vol. 37, Spring, 207-266. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328409887_The_Concept_and_Categories_of_Cultural_Rights_in_International_Law
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/socpreg54-30009
primljen: 23.12.2020.
prihvaćen: 26.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.01.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0