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2020, vol. 29, br. 1, str. 43-54
Uporedna mikro-morfloška i anatomska analiza listova gajenog i hibridne forme korovskog suncokreta (Helianthus annuus)
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Srbija
bInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd, Srbija

e-adresadbozic@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200116)

Ključne reči: epidermis; stome; dlake; efikasnost herbicida
Sažetak
U literaturi postoje oprečna mišljenja o značaju morfo-anatomskih parametara listova, kao što su broj stoma, prisustvo dlaka, debljina kutikule, debljina lista i sl. za osetljivost biljaka prema folijarnim herbicidima. S obzirom na to da razlike u osetljivosti hibrida/populacija prema herbicidima mogu da budu posledica razlika u površinskim strukturama i anatomskoj građi lista, u ovom radu je detaljno analizirana mikro-morfološka i anatomska građa listova tolerantnih i osetljivih formi suncokreta, kako gajenih hibrida tako i populacija hibridnih formi korovskog suncokreta (HFKS). Interesantno je da između rezistentnih i osetljivih populacija HFKS nije bilo statistički značajnih razlika u broju dlaka i stoma na listovima, ali kod hibridnih genotipova jeste. Naime, na naličju lista broj stoma kod osetljivog hibrida je bio statistički značajno veći nego kod tolerantnih, ali su tolerantni hibridi imali statistički značajno više dlaka na listovima od osetljivog, tako da je moguće da veća maljavost onemogućava dospevanje herbicida do površine epidermisa, što za posledicu ima njihovo manje usvajanje. Takođe je pokazano da se biljke različite osetljivosti prema herbicidima razlikuju i u različitim parametrima anatomske građe (debljina palisadnog i sunđerastog tkiva, debljina mezofila i debljina lista).
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ActaHerb2001043B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 31.10.2020.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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