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2002, vol. 24, iss. 3-4, pp. 97-110
Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialism as a modus vivendi
Clinical Center of Serbia, Clinic for Psychiatry, Belgrade
Keywords: existentialism; narcissistic personality; phenomenology
Abstract
The paper indicates the basic postulates of existentialist-phenomenologic philosophy and psychology of Jean-Paul Sartre. The phenomenology of existentialism tries to negate the objective (empiric and positivistic) principle of psychology. It does not study facts, but meanings by the means of eidetic intuition. In Sartre’s existentialistic concept contingencies present the possibility of choice, the embodiment of creativity and the negation of destiny as a project of living. By using phenomenologic analysis, Sartre also analyzes psychopathologic entities, particularly schizophrenia, describes hallucinatory phenomena regarding that they have a functional role by entering into the core of the personality, with later "psychopathologic adaptation" in the form of hallucinatory behavior. In the chapter on personality, Jean-Paul Sartre discusses about the evolution of its narcissism, as one of the key motives of his philosophy on creative activity. By the process of self-observation, Sartre’s existentialist psychology (existentialist psychoanalysis) studies the contents of experience and consciousness. It studies the break off with doctrinary and obdurate methods in philosophy and psychology, indicating that the way to existentialist implementation of man’s sense is antireligious and turned toward a synthesis of spirit and body and opened toward new possibilities and meanings.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007

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